The relationship between the actions of vitamin D, parathyroid hormone and calcitonin

Calcified Tissue Research 02/1971; 6(4):265-79. DOI: 10.1007/BF02196208
Source: PubMed


The effect of PTH and CT upon hydroxyproline and electrolyte excretion, plasma calcium and phosphate, calcium balance, and the excretion of radiocalcium was examined in vitamin D-deficient thyroparathyroidectomized rats. The results were compared to those obtained in D-fed animals. An increase in urinary hydroxyproline, which persisted for many hours, occurred in D-deficient animals approximately 30 h after thyroparathroidectomy, but was not seen in D-fed animals. It was suppressed by high calcium infusion. Infusion of PTH or CT increased the hydroxyprolinuria even further in D-deficient animls. PTH increased hydroxyprolinuria in D-fed animals, but CT caused a significant decrease. In the D-deficient animals both PTH and CT caused a decrease in urinary calcium excretion, and an increase of the already positive calcium balance. In D-fed animals CT had similar effects, but PTH caused a significant increase in calcium excretion and a negative calcium balance. Young animals injected with45Ca while on a D-deficient diet were studied 3 weeks later at a time when they had developed D-deficiency. When these animals were thyroparathyroidectomized and maintained on a constant glucose and electrolyte perfusion, the excretion of calcium was relatively constant and the specific activity of urnary calcium declined only slightly over a 28 h period. When PTH was given, both total and radioactive calcium excretion diminished initially, leading to a significant decrease in specific activity. The specific activity declined for the first 3 h of hormone infusion, then rose gradually and became greater than normal during the last 4 h of hormone infusion. When CT was given with PTH, total calcium excretion fell and remained below the control rate throughout the experiment. Specific activity rose markedly during the first 2 h, then fell rapidly to values below the control levels for the remainder of the experiment.

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