Article

# A Chandra Observation of the Nearby Lenticular Galaxy NGC 5102: Where are the X-ray Binaries?

05/2005; DOI:doi:10.1086/429982
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present results from a 34 ks Chandra/ACIS-S observation of the nearby (d=3.1 Mpc) lenticular galaxy NGC 5102, previously shown to have an unusually low X-ray luminosity. We detect eleven X-ray point sources within the the $D_{25}$ optical boundary of the galaxy (93% of the light), one third to one half of which are likely to be background AGN. One source is coincident with the optical nucleus and may be a low-luminosity AGN. Only two sources with an X-ray luminosity greater than 10$^{37}$ ergs s$^{-1}$ in the 0.5-5.0 keV band were detected, one of which is statistically likely to be a background AGN. We expected to detect 6 such luminous sources if the XRB population scales linearly with optical magnitude of the host galaxy. NGC 5102 has an unusually low number of XRBs. NGC 5102 is unusually blue for its morphological type, and has undergone at least two recent bursts of star formation. We present the results of optical/UV spectral synthesis analysis and demonstrate that a significant fraction ($>$50%) of the stars in this galaxy are comparatively young ($<3\times10^9$ years old). If the lack of X-ray binaries is related to the relative youth of most of the stars, this would support models of LMXB formation and evolution that require wide binaries to shed angular momentum on a timescale of Gyrs. We find that NGC 5102 has an unusually low specific frequency of globular clusters ($S_N\sim$0.4), which could also explain the lack of LMXBs. We also detect diffuse X-ray emission in the central $\sim$1 kpc of the galaxy. This hot gas is most likely a superbubble created by multiple supernovae of massive stars born during the most recent star burst, and is driving the shock into the ISM which was inferred from optical observations. Comment: 33 pages, 7 figures, 6 tables - Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal

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### Keywords

34 ks Chandra/ACIS-S observation

6 tables

globular clusters

host galaxy

LMXB formation

low number

low X-ray luminosity

massive stars

morphological type

multiple supernovae

optical magnitude

optical nucleus

optical observations

optical/UV spectral synthesis analysis

require wide binaries

star formation

two recent bursts

X-ray binaries

X-ray luminosity greater

XRB population scales linearly