Two-Dimensional Line Strength Maps in Three Well-studied Early-Type Galaxies

Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham, England, United Kingdom
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.23). 07/1999; 310(3). DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02998.x
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Integral field spectroscopy has been obtained for the nuclear regions of 3 large, well-studied, early-type galaxies. From these spectra we have obtained line strength maps for about 20 absorption lines, mostly belonging to the Lick system. An extensive comparison with multi-lenslet spectroscopy shows that accurate kinematic maps can be obtained, and also reproducible line strength maps. Comparison with long-slit spectroscopy also produces good agreement. We show that Mg is enhanced with respect to Fe in the inner disk of one of the three galaxies studied, the Sombrero. [Mg/Fe] there is larger than in the rest of the bulge. The large values of Mg/Fe in the central disk are consistent with the centres of other early-type galaxies, and not with large disks, like the disk of our Galaxy, where [Mg/Fe] is approximately 0. We confirm with this observation a recent result of Worthey (1998) that Mg/Fe is determined by the central kinetic energy, or escape velocity, of the stars, only, and not by the formation time scale of the stars. A stellar population analysis using the models of Vazdekis et al. (1996) shows that our observed H gamma agrees well with what is predicted based on the other lines. Using the line strength of the Ca II IR triplet as an indicator of the abundance of Ca, we find that Ca follows Fe, and not Mg, in these galaxies. This is peculiar, given the fact that Ca is an alpha-element. Finally, by combining the results of this paper with those of Vazdekis et al. (1997) we find that the line strength gradients in the three galaxies are primarily caused by variations in metallicity. Comment: 23 pages, Latex, includes mn.sty, accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Integral field spectroscopy in the central 16''x 12'' (2.4 kpc x 1.8 kpc, if H0 = 75 km s-1 Mpc-1) of the Seyfert 1.9 galaxy NGC 2992 has been obtained using the fibre system INTEGRAL. The data are mainly used to study the stellar and ionized gas kinematics. In spite of the photometric disruptions in the outer parts (r > 6 kpc) produced by the interaction with its close companion (NGC 2993), the present stellar velocity field shows regular rotation. The ionized gas presents several kinematically distinct components. Apart from the outflowing component already reported by other authors, we found an additional (high ionization) kinematic component which seems to be associated with the boundaries of the figure-of-eight-shaped emission detected in the 6 cm radio map. We locate the hidden nucleus in the apex of the biconical structure defined by the [O iii] emission, coincident with the outflow origin and with the center of the dust lane. We do not find any clear evidence of direct influence of the interaction in the kinematics of the stars or the ionized gas in the circumnuclear region of NGC 2992.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 11/2001; 378(3):787-799. DOI:10.1051/0004-6361:20011243 · 4.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Structural parameters (half-light radius re, mean effective surface brightness e, and Sersic index n, parameterizing the light profile shape) are derived for a sample of galaxies in the rich cluster AC 118 at z=0.31, so far the largest (N=93) sample of galaxies at intermediate redshift with structural parameters measured in the near-infrared. The parameters are obtained in two optical wavebands (V and R) and in the K band, corresponding approximately to the B, V, and H rest frame. The distributions of re at z=0.31 match those for the Coma Cluster (i.e., for the local universe) both in the optical and in the NIR. The K-band distribution is of particular interest, since the NIR light mimics the mass distribution of galaxies. The similarity of the distributions for the two clusters (AC 118 and Coma) proves that the galaxies at the bright end of the luminosity function did not significantly change their sizes since z~0.3 to the present epoch. The ratio of the optical to the NIR half-light radius shows a marked trend with the shape of the light profile (Sersic index n). In galaxies with n>~4 (typical bright ellipticals) re,NIR~0.6re,opt, while the average ratio is 0.8 for galaxies with lower n (typical disk systems). Moreover, the NIR Sersic index is systematically larger than in the optical for n
    The Astrophysical Journal 06/2002; 571(2):790-808. DOI:10.1086/340021 · 6.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present measurements of the near-infrared Ca II triplet (CaT, CaT*), Paschen (PaT), and magnesium (Mg I) indices for a well-studied sample of 19 bulges of early to intermediate spiral galaxies. We find that both the CaT* and CaT indices decrease with central velocity dispersion σ with small scatter. This dependence is similar to that recently found by Cenarro for elliptical galaxies, implying a uniform CaT*-σ relation that applies to galaxies from ellipticals to intermediate-type spirals. The decrease of CaT and CaT* with σ contrasts with the well-known increase of another α-element index, Mg2, with σ. We discuss the role of Ca underabundance ([Ca/Fe] < 0) and initial mass function variations in the onset of the observed relations.
    The Astrophysical Journal 03/2003; 588(1):L17. DOI:10.1086/375391 · 6.28 Impact Factor


Available from