Resonant Spin Excitation in the High Temperature Superconductor Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2

08/2008; DOI: 10.1038/nature07625
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT The recent observations of superconductivity at temperatures up to 55K in compounds containing layers of iron arsenide have revealed a new class of high temperature superconductors that show striking similarities to the more familiar cuprates. In both series of compounds, the onset of superconductivity is associated with the suppression of magnetic order by doping holes and/or electrons into the band leading to theories in which magnetic fluctuations are either responsible for or strongly coupled to the superconducting order parameter. In the cuprates, theories of magnetic pairing have been invoked to explain the observation of a resonant magnetic excitation that scales in energy with the superconducting energy gap and is suppressed above the superconducting transition temperature, Tc. Such resonant excitations have been shown by inelastic neutron scattering to be a universal feature of the cuprate superconductors, and have even been observed in heavy fermion superconductors with much lower transition temperatures. In this paper, we show neutron scattering evidence of a resonant excitation in Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2, which is a superconductor below 38K, at the momentum transfer associated with magnetic order in the undoped compound, BaFe2As2, and at an energy transfer that is consistent with scaling in other strongly correlated electron superconductors. As in the cuprates, the peak disappears at Tc providing the first experimental confirmation of a strong coupling of the magnetic fluctuation spectrum to the superconducting order parameter in the new iron arsenide superconductors.

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    ABSTRACT: We re-analyzed the issue whether the resonance peak observed in neutron scattering experiments on the cuprates is an exciton, a \pi-resonance, or a magnetic plasmon. We considered a toy model with on-cite Hubbard U and nearest-neighbor interactions in both charge and spin channels. We found that the resonance is predominantly an exciton, even if magnetic interaction is absent and d-wave pairing originates from attractive density-density interaction. Our results indicate that one cannot distinguish between spin and charge-mediated pairing interactions by just looking at the resonance peak in the dynamic spin susceptibility.
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    ABSTRACT: We report here extensive measurements of the temperature dependence of phonon density of states of BaFe2As2, the parent compound of the FeAs-based superconductors, using inelastic neutron scattering. The experiments were carried out on the thermal time-of-flight neutron spectrometer IN4 at the Institut Laue Langevin on a polycrystalline sample. There is no appreciable change in the spectra between T=10 and 200 K, although the sample undergoes a magnetic as well as a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural phase transition at 140 K. This indicates a rather harmonic phonon system. Shell-model lattice-dynamical calculations based on interatomic potentials are carried out to characterize the phonon data. The calculations predict a shift of the Ba phonons to higher energies at 4 GPa. The average energy of the phonons of the Ba sublattice is also predicted to increase on partial substitution of Ba by K to Ba0.6K0.4. The calculations show good agreement with the experimental phonon spectra and also with the specific-heat data from the literature.
    Physical Review B 08/2008; 78(10). · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopic study of the high-Tc superconductor class (Sr/Ba)1−xKxFe2As2. By utilizing a photon-energy-modulation contrast and scattering geometry we report the Fermi surface and the momentum dependence of the superconducting gap, Δ(k⃗). A prominent quasiparticle dispersion kink reflecting strong scattering processes is observed in a binding-energy range of 25–55 meV in the superconducting state, and the coherence length or the extent of the Cooper pair wave function is found to be about 20 Å, which is uncharacteristic of a superconducting phase realized by the BCS-phonon-retardation mechanism. The observed 40±15 meV kink likely reflects contributions from the frustrated spin excitations in a J1-J2 magnetic background and scattering from the soft phonons. Results taken collectively provide direct clues to the nature of the pairing potential including an internal phase-shift factor in the superconducting order parameter which leads to a Brillouin zone node in a strong-coupling setting.
    Physical Review B 01/2009; 78(18). · 3.66 Impact Factor

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