Unconscious fantasy and disturbances of mental experience

The Psychoanalytic quarterly (Impact Factor: 0.33). 01/2008; 38(1):1-27. DOI: 10.1002/j.2167-4086.2008.tb00331.x
Source: PubMed
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    • "Painfullynegativeandneglectfulexperiencesareoftenrepressed.Nonetheless theyoftencontinuetoexertdynamicinfluenceonaffectandbehaviorintheformofan organizingunconsciousfantasy(Arlow,1969).Theimpactofsuchunfathomable sentimentandlongingsonsubsequentchoiceoflifepartnersisstriking.Akhtar(2009) states,"Agirlwholacksafathersupportiveofbothherefficacyandhereroticstrivings feelshurt;theresultingangercangiverisetodefensiveidealizationontheonehandand helplessnessandmasochisticsubmissionontheother"(p15).Herrepetitioncompulsion drewselectionofabusivemeninhopeofmasteryandcontrol.Butmasterydoesnot alwayscomeeasily.Inherrelationshipwithherhusband,Sinfoneaalternatedbetween submissivejealousies,bornofacontinuousfearoflosingtheobject(penis),tobeingin controlofherresentfulhusband.Thisledtoacontradictoryandconflictingposition, whereshecontrolledtheobject(penis/husband),butconstantlyendangeredthiscontrol wheninthepresenceofothermen,asifsheweretestingthelimitsofthemarital relationshipandofherself.Thisexperiencealsogaverisetoself-blameandpunishment intheformofherhusband'saggressionandallegeddomination. "
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    ABSTRACT: This article presents the treatment of a female patient with borderline personality disorder which draws on the principles of Margret Mahler's object relations theory. Common characteristics of this disorder include fear of abandonment, unstable relationships, lack of identity, impulsiveness, pervasive emptiness, excessive anger, and the inability to regulate emotions. These symptoms are rooted in the dynamic, ambivalent, and prevailing struggle between the merger and individualization during the rapprochement subphase. Psychotherapy that utilizes transference within the treatment helps the patient to increase awareness of how she participates in a dyadic relationship based on early internalizations. The unconscious reenactment of early object relations is understood by uncovering defenses (splitting, projection, and projective identification) that play out in the therapist/patient relationship. This offers the patient the opportunity to integrate parts of the self and other, and hold ambivalent feelings without splitting or distorting. Consequently the therapeutic relationship is the vehicle for change.
    Clinical Case Studies 11/2012; 11(6):441-456. DOI:10.1177/1534650112460428
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    • "Systematic information processing in dreams, as well as organized unconscious fantasies in waking life, "embarrass" the methodology of the classical psychoanalytic accounts (Arlow, 1969). The failure of the energy model has been discussed above. "
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    ABSTRACT: Cognitive science has incorporated seminal concepts of psychoanalysis without acknowledging this influence. This article covers psychoanalytic ideas already incorporated—implicitly or explicitly—in modern cognitive psychology, as well as ideas whose inclusion would benefit the cognitive field. These include the emphasis on mental models, mind–body interaction, unconscious processes, dual processes of thought, and naturalistic research milieus. The article discusses reasons why the psychoanalytic roots of these ideas have not been acknowledged and shows how the theories of multiple coding and the referential process provide a basis for bridging the psychoanalytic and cognitive science fields. Finally, it is argued that scientific psychology requires a subfield of psychoanalytic psychology that covers the integration of information-processing functions, including somatic and emotional processes, in the context of an individual's overall goals. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Psychoanalytic Psychology 10/2012; 17(2):203-224. DOI:10.1037/0736-9735.17.2.203 · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    • "However, when bearing in mind the constructive nature of remembering, even this way of determining the nature of non-conscious ideas is problematic. Psychoanalysts have not been able to determine how unconscious fantasies exist (Arlow, 1969, pp. 3–4; Beres, 1962; Inderbitzin & Levy, 1990, pp. 116–117; Lyon, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: The idea of unconscious fantasy plays a central role in psychoanalysis. In terms of cognitive orientation, however, the logic behind it is difficult to determine because psychoanalysis has not succeeded in establishing how and where such fantasies exist. This article introduces the reasons why psychoanalysts think in terms of unconscious fantasies: the very notion facilitates the interconnection of the analysand’s patterns of behavior and her/his emerging contents of consciousness. The authors put forward arguments in favor of an instrumentalist view of unconscious fantasies, and suggest that the talk about them abstracts the functioning of the brain. In the spirit of neuropsychoanalysis, a connection is also created between the phenomena found in clinical psychoanalytic practice and the findings of neuroscience and the empirical study of implicit knowledge.
    Theory &amp Psychology 10/2005; 15(5):659-678. DOI:10.1177/0959354305057268 · 0.70 Impact Factor
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