Article

The mutagenic effect of ultraviolet radiation and nitrous acid on Mycobacterium phlei.

Folia Microbiologica (Impact Factor: 0.79). 02/1966; 11(3):163-8. DOI: 10.1007/BF02901427
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Lethal and mutagenic effects of nitrous acid and UV radiation onMycobacterium phlei were studied Three auxotrophic strains of the PA strain ofMycobacterium phlei were obtained: ala-, his-, and gly- (ser-) INHr Bods of the his- strain grown in liquid media are longer to filamentous as compared with cells of the prototrophic PA strain grown in the
same media, whereas cells of the gly- (ser-) INHr mutant are shorter to coccobacillary. Cells of the ala- strain are characterized by their various length from normal to coccobacillary. The auxotrophic strains obtained differ from
each other by a frequency of spontaneous reversions to prototrophy. The his- strain is the most stable, a frequency of spontaneous reversions to prototrophy being 10-9. The gly- (ser-) INHr strain reverts spontaneously to prototrophy with a frequency of 10-8 to 10-7. The ala- strain spontaneously reverting with a frequency of 10-5 is the most labile. The auxotrophic mutants obtained do not differ from the original prototrophic strain in the other properties
studied.

A change in a frequency of INH and STM-resistant mutants was also studied. It was found that under the influence of UV radiation
a frequency of INH-resistant mutants increases 43 to 80 fold as compared with a frequency of spontaneous mutations, this latter
being about 2.6 × 10-6. No substantial increase in a frequency of STM-resistant mutants was found using UV irradiation under the given experimental
conditions; their spontaneous frequency equals to 9.0 × 10-9 to 2.0 X 10-8.

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