Monoclonal antibodies to low density lipoprotein used for the study of low- and very-low-density lipoproteins, in "ELISA" and immunoprecipitation technics.
ABSTRACT Seven monoclonal antibodies to low-density lipoprotein were studied by the ELISA for their reactivity with LDL or VLDL. Cotitration experiments showed that five of them are addressed to different antigenic epitopes. Two of the monoclonal antibodies were temperature independent whereas the others had a decreased binding activity at 37 degrees C compared to that obtained at 25 degrees C or 4 degrees C, suggesting the presence of antibodies directed to sequence or conformation epitopes, respectively. All antibodies reacted with both LDL and VLDL; four of them had a higher affinity for LDL and two others for VLDL. Immunoprecipitation of LDL and/or VLDL was observed upon immunodiffusion with certain pairs of antibodies. This may allow the use of pairs of monoclonal antibodies to LDL for the quantitative determination of apolipoprotein B in serum LDL and VLDL.
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ABSTRACT: Serum concentrations of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoproteins (apo) A-I, B, CII, CIII, and E in 36 hemodialysis patients and nine anephric patients were compared with the concentrations in 34 normolipidemic subjects. The dialysis patients displayed a moderate hypertriglyceridemia (1.94 +/- 0.12 vs 1.09 +/- 0.11 mmol/L in controls, mean +/- SEM; P less than 0.001), apo CIII concentrations were also increased (130.2 +/- 2.1 vs 108.4 +/- 0.7 mg/L; P less than 0.001), whereas apo CII (34.5 +/- 0.5 vs 36 +/- 0.5 mg/L; P less than 0.05), apo E (22.7 +/- 0.3 vs 27.9 +/- 0.2 mg/L; P less than 0.001), and apo A-I (1.18 +/- 0.05 vs 1.31 +/- 0.04 g/L; P less than 0.05) were decreased. Concentrations of serum apo B were normal (0.86 +/- 0.03 vs 0.97 +/- 0.07 g/L). In the hemodialysis patients, apo CIII concentrations were increased in apo B-containing lipoproteins (30.1 +/- 0.5 vs 25.0 +/- 0.1 mg/L; P less than 0.001), whereas CII and E were decreased below control values (14.4 +/- 0.2 vs 16.8 +/- 0.1, and 8.2 +/- 0.2 vs 11.4 +/- 0.1 mg/L, respectively; P less than 0.001 each). By calculation, non-B-containing lipoproteins in the hemodialysis group had increased concentrations of apo CIII (100.1 +/- 2.1 vs 83.3 +/- 0.7 mg/L; P less than 0.001) and decreased amounts of apo E (14.5 +/- 0.4 vs 16.4 +/- 0.3 mg/L; P less than 0.001); apo CII content was unchanged (20.1 +/- 0.5 vs 19.3 +/- 0.5 mg/L). Results for apo CII, CIII, and E among apo A-I-containing lipoproteins in both normolipidemic and hemodialysis groups were similar to those in non-B-containing lipoproteins. Finally, the sole significant (P less than 0.01) difference between the anephric and hemodialysis groups was the lower apo E concentrations in the former group. Accumulation of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in hemodialysis patients may thus be related to the enrichment of apo CIII in apo B-containing lipoproteins and to a marked decrease in the apo CII and E contents.Clinical Chemistry 04/1991; 37(3):387-93. · 7.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The immunoreactivity of human apolipoprotein B (apo B) towards 5 monoclonal antibodies was studied by enzyme immunoassay in native and in vitro oxidized low density lipoproteins (LDL). LDL oxidative modifications were obtained by incubation with either copper ions or an association of lipoxygenase and phospholipase A2. The monoclonal antibodies used in the inhibition analysis were directed to epitopes located in the amino-terminal region (1D1), in the middle part (2D8, L7, 4G3) and in the carboxy-terminal region (L3) of the apo B molecule. The results demonstrated that the immuno-reactivity of 1D1 epitope was little affected by LDL oxidation with copper ions or lipoxygenase plus phospholipase A2, whereas the immunoreactivity of the other epitopes were markedly decreased by these LDL modifications. Immunoreactivity changes were more important in L3 and L7 epitopes than in 2D8 and 4G3 epitopes. Since it is known that L3 and L7 epitopes are located in apo B domains rich in lipid-associated peptides whereas 1D1 is in a domain poor in such peptides, these results suggest a relationship between the lipid environment of an apo B epitope and its susceptibility to alteration by LDL oxidation.Atherosclerosis 08/1991; 89(1):83-93. DOI:10.1016/0021-9150(91)90009-R · 3.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Anderson's disease (AD) or chylomicron retention disease (CMRD) is a very rare hereditary lipid malabsorption syndrome. In order to discover novel mutations in the SAR1B gene and to evaluate the expression, as compared to healthy subjects, of the Sar1 gene and protein paralogues in the intestine, we investigated three previously undescribed individuals with the disease. The SAR1B, SAR1A and PCSK9 genes were sequenced. The expression of the SAR1B and SAR1A genes in intestinal biopsies of both normal individuals and patients was measured by RTqPCR. Immunohistochemistry using antibodies to recombinant Sar1 protein was used to evaluate the expression and localization of the Sar1 paralogues in the duodenal biopsies. Two patients had a novel SAR1B mutation (p.Asp48ThrfsX17). The third patient, who had a previously described SAR1B mutation (p.Leu28ArgfsX7), also had a p.Leu21dup variant of the PCSK9 gene. The expression of the SAR1B gene in duodenal biopsies from an AD/CMRD patient was significantly decreased whereas the expression of the SAR1A gene was significantly increased, as compared to healthy individuals. The Sar1 proteins were present in decreased amounts in enterocytes in duodenal biopsies from the patients as compared to those from healthy subjects. Although the proteins encoded by the SAR1A and SAR1B genes are 90% identical, the increased expression of the SAR1A gene in AD/CMRD does not appear to compensate for the lack of the SAR1B protein. The PCSK9 variant, although reported to be associated with low levels of cholesterol, does not appear to exert any additional effect in this patient. The results provide further insight into the tissue-specific nature of AD/CMRD.Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 01/2011; 6:1. DOI:10.1186/1750-1172-6-1 · 3.96 Impact Factor