Treatment of ulcerative colitis with high-dose 5-aminosalicylic acid enemas.
ABSTRACT This study is a double-blind controlled trial in 86 patients of the efficacy of retention enemas containing 4 g 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), believed to be the active metabolite of sulphasalazine, compared with retention enemas of 100 mg of hydrocortisone for the topical treatment of mild or moderate ulcerative colitis. 5-ASA enemas given to 44 patients were significantly more effective than hydrocortisone enemas given to 42 patients, and produced 93, 93, and 77% remission in clinical, sigmoidoscopic, and histological terms, respectively, compared with corresponding remission rates of 57, 54, and 33% in the hydrocortisone treated patients.
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ABSTRACT: Recently, mucosal healing (MH) is regarded as an important treatment goal in ulcerative colitis (UC). 5-Aminosalicylates (5-ASA) are the standard treatment in mild-to-moderate UC, but the effect on MH is less known. The aim of this study was to systematically review the medical literature in order to compare different preparations of 5-ASA for the effect on MH. We conducted a structured search of PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify randomized controlled clinical trials with 5-ASA in UC providing data about MH. We calculated the sample size-weighted pooled proportion of patients with MH, and performed meta-analysis of head-to-head comparisons. Out of 645 hits, we included 90 treatment arms, involving 3977 patients using oral 5-ASA (granulate and tablets) and 2513 patients using rectal 5-ASA (suppositories, enema, and foam). Overall, 43,7% of 5-ASA treated patients achieved MH (oral 36,9%; rectal 50,3%). In oral studies, 49% of patients using granulate (7 treatment-arms) achieved MH compared to 34,9% using tablets (43 treatment-arms). In rectal studies the proportion of MH was 62% for suppositories (eight treatment arms), 51% for foam (nine treatment arms), and 46% for enema (23 treatment arms), respectively. 5-ASA preparations achieved MH in nearly 50% of UC patients. There were no significant differences in MH between the various 5-ASA agents, either in the oral or the rectal treatment groups. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2012;).Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 03/2012; 18(11):2190-8. · 5.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Objectives. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic, relapsing and remitting intestinal inflammatory disorder. Zinc is known to be efficacious for the repair of damaged tissue and has been shown to protect against gastric ulceration. This study focused on Polaprezinc (PZ), N-(3-aminopropionyl)-L-histidinato zinc, which accelerates ulcer healing through actions such as prostaglandin-independent cytoprotection and antioxidative activity. Methods. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, investigator-blinded trial, 28 patients with active UC at The Jikei University Hospital were randomly divided into two groups: one treated with a 150 mg PZ enema (n = 18) and the other not treated with a PZ enema (n = 10). All patients received usual induction therapy. Clinical symptoms, endoscopic findings and histological findings were evaluated at entry and one week later. Results. In the PZ group, modified Matts' endoscopic scores were significantly improved after treatment compared to baseline in the rectum (p = 0.004), sigmoid colon (p = 0.03) and descending colon (p = 0.04). In the non-PZ group, scores were not significantly improved in the rectum (p = 0.14) and descending colon (p = 0.34), but were improved in the sigmoid colon (p = 0.04). In the PZ group, the Mayo scores at baseline and at Day 8 were 9.1 ± 1.6 and 5.8 ± 2.7 (p = 0.00004), respectively, and in the placebo group, the scores were 8.9 ± 1.7 and 7.4 ± 2.1 (p = 0.009), respectively. Clinical response or remission was significantly better in the PZ group (71%) than in the placebo group (10%). Conclusions. A zinc-carnosine chelate compound, PZ, enema may become a useful new add-on treatment to accelerate mucosal healing in UC.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In recent decades, the prominent role of endoscopy in the management of ulcerative colitis (UC) has been translated into the concept of mucosal healing (MH) as a fundamental therapeutic end-point. This is partially the consequence of growing evidence of a positive prognostic role of MH on the disease course and partially due to market cues indicating a higher rate of MH in patients treated by novel potent biologic agents. The aim of the present review is to clarify the current knowledge of MH in UC, analyzing the definition, the putative prognostic role and the association of MH with the current drugs used to treat UC patients. Because solid data about the management of UC patients based solely on the healing of the mucosa are not yet available, a tailored approach for individual patients thatconsiders the natural history of UC and the presence of prognostic indicators of aggressive disease is desirable. Consequently, unnecessary examinations and treatment would be avoided and restricted to UC patients who require the maximum amount of effort to affect the disease course in the short and long term.World journal of gastrointestinal pathophysiology. 05/2014; 5(2):54-62.