Localization of a narrow-specificity thyroliberin hydrolyzing pyroglutamate aminopeptidase in synaptosomal membranes of guinea-pig brain.

European Journal of Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 3.58). 11/1984; 144(2):271-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this paper we report the presence of a particulate pyroglutamate aminopeptidase in guinea-pig brain tissue. This activity appears to reside in the synaptosomal membrane and could be released from the membrane by treatment with papain or Triton X-100. By contrast with a previously described broad-specificity soluble pyroglutamate aminopeptidase from guinea-pig brain tissue, the enzyme released from the synaptosomal membrane preparation removed pyroglutamic acid from thyroliberin, acid thyroliberin and less than Glu-His-Gly alone of the peptides tested. Unlike the soluble tissue enzyme the present enzyme was inhibited by the presence of EDTA and the activity released from synaptosomal membranes by papain was found to have a relative molecular mass of 230 000, almost one order of magnitude greater than that reported for the soluble enzyme.

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    ABSTRACT: A pyroglutamate aminopeptidase activity, distinct from that of cytoplasm, was released from a synaptosomal membrane preparation of guinea-pig brain by papain treatment. This activity was further purified 3560-fold relative to the homogenate with a yield of 17% by a procedure involving gel filtration chromatography, calcium phosphate cellulose chromatography and hydrophobic interaction chromatography on phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B. The purified synaptosomal pyroglutamate aminopeptidase hydrolysed only thyroliberin, acid-thyroliberin, the luliberin N-terminal tripeptide (Glp-His-Trp) and, only slightly, Glp-His-Gly. No hydrolysis was observed with dipeptides containing N-terminal pyroglutamic acid (Glp) or with pyroglutamyl peptides containing more than three amino acids. A Km value of 40 microM was recorded when thyroliberin was used as substrate; however, luliberin was found to inhibit the hydrolysis of thyroliberin competitively with a Ki value of 20 microM.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 08/1985; 150(1):47-52. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1985.tb08986.x · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we report that while 55% of the total post-proline dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase activity in guinea-pig brain is associated with the soluble fraction of the cells, the remaining activity is widely distributed throughout the particulate fractions. A significant portion of this particulate activity is, however, associated with a synaptosomal membrane fraction. The specific activity of this enzyme rose as the synaptosomal membrane fraction was prepared from a synaptosomal fraction and had previously risen at the synaptosomal fraction was prepared from a postmitochondrial pellet. The synaptosomal membrane post-proline dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase was released from the membrane by treatment with Triton X-100 and partially purified by chromatography on Sephadex G-200. By contrast with the soluble enzyme the partially purified solubilised synaptosomal membrane post-proline dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase was not inhibited by 1.0 mM p-chloromercuribenzoate, 1.0 mM N-ethylmaleimide or 0.5 mM puromycin but was inhibited by 0.5 mM bacitracin. The partially purified solubilised enzyme was capable of releasing His-Pro from His-Pro-Val, His-Pro-Leu, His-Pro-Phe and His-Pro-Tyr and of releasing Gly-Pro from Gly-Pro-Ala but could not release Arg-Pro from Arg-Pro-Pro or from Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe-Ser-Pro-Phe-Arg (bradykinin). It was also unable to release Pro-Pro from Pro-Pro-Gly or Glp-Pro from Glp-Pro-Ser-Lys-Asp-Ala-Phe-Ile-Gly-Leu-MetNH2 (eledoisin). Using [Pro-3H]thyroliberin we show that the membrane-bound enzyme converts His-ProNH2, produced by the action of the synaptosomal membrane pyroglutamate aminopeptidase, to His-Pro thus competing with the spontaneous cyclisation of His-ProNH2 to His-Pro diketopiperazine. Purified preparations of synaptosomal membrane pyroglutamate aminopeptidase were used to generate His-ProNH2, which could then be converted to His-Pro by the presence of the partially purified synaptosomal membrane post-proline dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase. This preparation was free of contaminating post-proline cleaving endopeptidase, carboxypeptidase P, aminopeptidase P, prolyl carboxypeptidase or proline dipeptidase.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 02/1986; 154(2):329-35. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1986.tb09401.x · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The degradation of thyrotropin-releasing hormone in rat brain homogenates was studied in the presence of N-benzyloxycarbonyl-prolyl-prolinal and pyroglutamyl diazomethyl ketone, specific and potent active-site-directed inhibitors of prolyl endopeptidase and pyroglutamyl peptide hydrolase, respectively. Substantial TRH degradation was observed, suggesting the presence of another thyrotropin-releasing hormone-degrading enzyme(s). Reports of a thyrotropin-releasing hormone-degrading enzyme with narrow specificity that cleaves the pGlu-His bond of this tripeptide led us to develop a coupled assay using pGlu-His-Pro-2NA as the substrate to measure this activity. Cleavage of the pGlu-His bond of this substrate under conditions in which pyroglutamyl peptide hydrolase is not expressed occurred in the particulate fraction of a rat brain homogenate. This particulate pyroglutamyl-peptide cleaving enzyme was not inhibited by pyroglutamyl diazomethyl ketone but was inhibited by metal chelators such as EDTA and o-phenanthroline. The particulate pyroglutamyl-peptide cleaving enzyme was found predominantly in the brain. Activity in brain regions varied widely with highest levels present in cortex and hippocampus and very low levels in pituitary. The data suggest that degradation of thyrotropin-releasing hormone by the particulate fraction of a brain homogenate is catalyzed mainly by an enzyme that cleaves the pGlu-His bond of thyrotropin-releasing hormone but is distinct from pyroglutamyl peptide hydrolase.
    Journal of Neurochemistry 05/1986; 46(4):1231-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1471-4159.1986.tb00643.x · 4.24 Impact Factor