Hepatic aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activities in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) exposed to petroleum hydrocarbons.
ABSTRACT Coho salmon exposed to the water soluble fraction (WSF) of Cook Inlet crude oil for a maximum of 30 days showed a greater than three-fold increase in hepatic aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity. The initial increase in enzyme activity appeared between 2 and 5 days of exposure and increased as a function of increased exposure time. Persistence of the induced enzyme activity was dependent on the length and the concentration of WSF exposure. Handling stress had no effect on the AHH activity, but starvation caused a decrease in the activity.