Acquired reversible autistic syndrome in acute encephalopathic illness in children.
ABSTRACT In seeking the neurologic substrate of the autistic syndrome of childhood, previous studies have implicated the medial temporal lobe or the ring of mesolimbic cortex located in the mesial frontal and temporal lobes. During an acute encephalopathic illness, a clinical picture developed in three children that was consistent with infantile autism. This development was reversible. It was differentiated from acquired epileptic aphasia, and the language disorder was differentiated aphasia. One child has rises in serum herpes simplex titers, and a computerized tomographic (CT) scan revealed an extensive lesion of the temporal lobes, predominantly on the left. The other two, with similar clinical syndromes, had normal CT scans, and no etiologic agent was defined. These cases are examples of an acquired and reversible autistic syndrome in childhood, emphasizing the clinical similarities to bilateral medial temporal lobe disease as described in man, including the Klüver-Bucy syndrome seen in postencephalitic as well as postsurgical states.
SourceAvailable from: Catherine Best
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ABSTRACT: Background: Anti NMDA receptor (anti NMDAR) encephalitis is a well-characterized entity in children associating movement disorders, psychiatric features and speech difficulties. Novel phenotypes have been described in adults. Methods and Results: A 4-year-old girl presented partial seizures which evolved towards sudden and isolated Broca's aphasia. Anti NMDAR antibodies were positive in CSF and serum confirming anti NMDAR encephalitis. Clinical recovery was observed after a specific treatment. Conclusion: This case widens the clinical spectrum of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children and awareness of this newly identified symptom is important as early treatment is a predictor of good outcomeEuropean Journal of Paediatric Neurology 11/2014; 18(6). DOI:10.1016/j.ejpn.2014.06.002 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Compelling new findings suggest that an early core signature of autism is a deficient left anterior temporal lobe response to language and an atypical over-activation of the right anterior temporal lobe. Intriguingly, our recent results from an entirely different line of reasoning and experiments also show that applying cathodal stimulation (suppressing) at the left anterior temporal lobe together with anodal stimulation (facilitating) at the right anterior temporal lobe, by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), can induce some autistic-like cognitive abilities in otherwise normal adults. If we could briefly induce autistic like cognitive abilities in healthy individuals, it follows that we might be able to mitigate some autistic traits by reversing the above stimulation protocol, in an attempt to restore the typical dominance of the left anterior temporal lobe. Accordingly, we hypothesize that at least some autistic traits can be mitigated, by applying anodal stimulation (facilitating) at the left anterior temporal lobe together with cathodal stimulation (suppressing) at the right anterior temporal lobe. Our hypothesis is supported by strong convergent evidence that autistic symptoms can emerge and later reverse due to the onset and subsequent recovery of various temporal lobe (predominantly the left) pathologies. It is also consistent with evidence that the temporal lobes (especially the left) are a conceptual hub, critical for extracting meaning from lower level sensory information to form a coherent representation, and that a deficit in the temporal lobes underlies autistic traits.Medical Hypotheses 08/2014; 83(5). DOI:10.1016/j.mehy.2014.08.002 · 1.15 Impact Factor