Partial purification of fatty-acid binding protein by ammonium sulphate fractionation.
ABSTRACT By fractionation of rat liver cytosol with 70% saturation ammonium sulphate, a soluble fraction showing high affinity for oleic acid was obtained. The binding of oleic acid to this fraction was inhibited by flavaspidic acid. The molecular weight of the main protein present in this fraction was 12 000 as determined by SDS-poly-acrylamide-gel electrophoresis. This soluble fraction stimulated the transfer of oleic acid from microsomes to phosphatidylcholine liposomes as demonstrated by a transfer assay in vitro. The behaviour of this fraction is similar to that described for fatty-acid binding protein.
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ABSTRACT: I have been involved in research on polyunsaturated fatty acids since 1964 and this review is intended to cover some of the most important aspects of this work. Polyunsaturated fatty acids have followed me during my whole scientific career and I have published a number of studies concerned with different aspects of them such as chemical synthesis, enzymatic formation, metabolism, transport, physical, chemical, and catalytic properties of a reconstructed desaturase system in liposomes, lipid peroxidation, and their effects. The first project I became involved in was the organic synthesis of [1-(14)C] eicosa-11,14-dienoic acid, with the aim of demonstrating the participation of that compound as a possible intermediary in the biosynthesis of arachidonic acid "in vivo." From 1966 to 1982, I was involved in several projects that study the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids. In the eighties, we studied fatty acid binding protein. From 1990 up to now, our laboratory has been interested in the lipid peroxidation of biological membranes from various tissues and different species as well as liposomes prepared with phospholipids rich in PUFAs. We tested the effect of many antioxidants such as alpha tocopherol, vitamin A, melatonin and its structural analogues, and conjugated linoleic acid, among others.Journal of lipids. 01/2013; 2013:710290.
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ABSTRACT: Feeding rats a diet deficient in choline results in fatty liver within 1 d. We studied the effect of short-term (1-3 d) choline deficiency on rat liver Z protein (fatty acid-binding protein). Groups of three females Sprague-Dawley rats were fed ad libitum a purified diet lacking choline and L-methionine or were supplemented with 0.2% choline chloride and 0.82% L-methionine. Animals were killed after 1, 2 or 3 d of consuming control or experimental diets and hepatic Z protein was prepared. Z protein in livers from experimental and control rats were estimated with the fluorescent probe dansylamino undecanoic acid. The corresponding fatty acid-binding activity was also determined. One day of choline-deficient diet increased Z protein concentration threefold, reaching a plateau on the second and third day. Fatty acid-binding activity of Z protein remained unchanged.Journal of Nutrition 10/1988; 118(9):1116-9. · 4.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The palmitic acid binding capacity of cytosolic proteins in three preparations obtained by differential scraping of bovine intestinal mucosa were compared. The data indicated that the palmitic acid binding activities depended on the position that the cells occupied along the crypt-villus axis, as shown from the level of alkaline phosphatase activity. Proteins with palmitate binding properties in the high- and low-molecular-weight cytosolic proteins in the villus zone bound 1.24 +/- 0.41 and 1.54 +/- 0.16 pmol palminate/micrograms protein respectively. The binding decreased to 0.50 +/- 0.25 and 1.10 +/- 0.23 pmol palmitate/micrograms for the proteins in the crypt zone. Ammonium sulphate fractionation and gel filtration chromatography indicated that the low-molecular-weight cytosolic proteins obtained from light mucosal scrapings contained the highest palmitate binding activity. These results suggest that the cytosolic proteins located in the villus zone may play a role in the absorption of fatty acids.Veterinary Research Communications 02/1991; 15(6):437-42. · 1.08 Impact Factor