Binding of the bovine basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (Kunitz) to human urinary kallikrein and to porcine pancreatic beta-kallikreins A and B.
ABSTRACT The effect of pH and temperature on the association equilibrium constant (Ka) for bovine basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI, Kunitz inhibitor) binding to human urinary kallikrein and porcine pancreatic beta-kallikreins A and B has been investigated. Ka values decrease with decreasing pH, reflecting the acid-midpoint and pK shifts, upon BPTI binding, of a three-proton co-operative transition, between pH 3 and 5, and of a single ionizable group, between pH 5 and 9. At pH 8, the values of delta H degree (between 7 degrees C and 42 degrees C) and delta S degree (at 21 degrees C) for BPTI binding to the glandular kallikreins considered were determined. In particular, the delta H degree values have been found to be independent of temperature and the following values have been obtained by van't Hoff plots: +1.8 kcal/mol, +2.3 kcal/mol and +2.4 kcal/mol (1 kcal = 4184 J) for the inhibitor binding to human urinary kallikrein and porcine pancreatic beta-kallikreins A and B, respectively. Considering the known molecular structures of free porcine pancreatic beta-kallikrein A and BPTI, and of their complex, the stereochemistry of the enzyme : inhibitor contact regions was analysed for the three serine proteinases, in relation to their respective types of behaviour.
- SourceAvailable from: Mauro Angeletti[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effect of temperature, ionic strength and solvation power of mono- and divalent cations on the interaction of BPTI-like inhibitors with human leukocytic elastase has been determined. The binding process is characterized by a non-linear dependence of the equilibrium association constant on 1/T indicating a thermal transition at temperature values ranging between 20 degrees C and 35 degrees C depending on the solvent. The marked dependence of the thermodynamic parameters (delta H degrees, delta S degrees, delta G degrees) and of the transition temperature on the concentration and nature of the cations present in solution seems to indicate that the transition, probably of conformational nature, is related to removal of water molecules upon enzyme/inhibitor complex formation.Journal of Molecular Recognition 12/1989; 2(3):142-6. · 3.01 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Proteinase inhibitors, isolated from different types of Bauhinia, have an effect on apoptosis, angiogenesis and inflammation. The Bauhinia bauhinioides cruzipain inhibitor (BbCI) is a Kunitz-type inhibitor and inactivates the cysteine proteinases cruzipain and cruzain from Trypanosoma cruzi. Cruzipain and tissue kallikrein have similar biochemical properties, e.g. the proteolytic cleavage of the kininogen precursor of lys-bradykinin. Tissue kallikrein stimulation in endothelial cells causes migration and capillary tube formation. The aim of this study was to examine whether the antiproliferative effect of BbCI is dependent on changes of the intracellular calcium concentration and membrane hyperpolarization. Endothelial cells were isolated from human umbilical cord veins (HUVEC). For proliferation experiments, HUVEC were incubated with BbCI (10–100 μmol/L) for 48 h. The proliferation was detected by cell counting with a Neubauer chamber. The effect of BbCI (10–100 μM) on the membrane potential was measured with the fluorescence dye DiBAC4(3) and the effect on [Ca+2] i with the fluorescence probe Fluo-3 AM. The change of the fluorescence intensity was determined with a GENios plate reader (Tecan). The experiments showed that BbCI (10–100 μmol/L) reduces the endothelial cell proliferation significantly in a concentration-dependent manner with a maximum effect at 100 μmol/L (35.1 ± 1.8% as compared to control (p ≤ 0.05; n = 45)). As compared to the control, the addition of BbCI (100 μmol/L) caused a significant increase of systolic Ca2+ of 28.4 ± 5.0% after 30 min incubation. HUVEC treatment with BbCI (100 μmol/L) showed a weak but significant decrease of the membrane potential of 9.5 ± 0.9% as compared to control (p ≤ 0.05; n = 80). BbCI influenced significantly the endothelial proliferation, the intracellular Ca2+ concentration and the membrane potential.Journal of physiology and biochemistry 01/2010; 66(4):283-290. · 1.65 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The four Kunitz-type protease inhibitors purified from bovine spleen, which include the basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI), form stable complexes with human leukocytic elastase. The values of the affinity constants of these complexes are similar, in agreement with the great structural similarity of the four inhibitors, but are lower than those measured for the complexes with other serine proteases. Two main factors appear to be responsible for the stability of these complexes, i.e., hydrophobic interactions and ionization phenomena that take place during complex formation. These two factors have been analyzed in terms of the general model previously used for describing the interaction between the serine proteases and their natural inhibitors.Journal of Protein Chemistry 03/1989; 8(1):51-60.