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The omohyoideus myofascial pain syndrome: report of four patients.

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    ABSTRACT: The action of the omohyoid muscle on the hemodynamics of the internal jugular vein is controversial. For some authors, contraction of this muscle, by tightening the cervical fascia, promotes jugular venous return. For others, contraction of this muscle compresses the jugular vein in its cervical path. With this latter point in mind, the hemodynamics of the internal jugular vein have been studied in its cervical path by echography in 10 healthy volunteers. One hundred twenty measurements of the venous surface were made at rest, with the mouth open and during deep inspiration. In the last 2 situations, evidence of a significant increase in the venous surface was found above the omohyoid muscle. These data confirm the role of compression of the vein by the omohyoid muscle, leading to modifications in intracerebral venous hemodynamics, which can be affected in yawning.
    Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy 02/1988; 10(2):107-12. DOI:10.1007/BF02307818 · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sarapin is a distillate of the pitcher plant that has long been used in human and veterinary medicine for 'regional analgesia'. The mechanism of the reported analgesic response is unknown; however, the agent is purported to provide more effective analgesia for slow, chronic pain than for sharp, acute pain. Reportedly, Sarapin is also widely used as an analgesic agent in the horse, generally in combination with corticosteroids and other agents. To determine its local anaesthetic efficacy in the horse, we tested Sarapin in a unilateral abaxial sesamoid block model at two dose levels, 2 mL and 10 mL per site, respectively. Cutaneous pain was induced with a light/heat lamp, and analgesia was assessed by measuring the hoof-withdrawal reflex latency period. Neither dose of Sarapin altered hoof-withdrawal reflex latency in this experimental model tested over a two-week period. Based on the demonstrated efficacy of this local anaesthetic model, it seems clear that Sarapin has no significant classical local anaesthetic actions in the horse, and probably not in other species either.
    Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 07/1997; 20(3):229-32. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2885.1997.tb00100.x · 1.32 Impact Factor
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