The interaction of arylazido ubiquinone derivative with mitochondrial ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase.

Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.65). 10/1982; 257(17):10215-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Cytochrome c reductase from potato has been extensively studied with respect to its catalytic activities, its subunit composition, and the biogenesis of individual subunits. Molecular characterization of all 10 subunits revealed that the high-molecular-weight subunits exhibit striking homologies with the components of the general mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) from fungi and mammals. Some of the other subunits show differences in the structure of their targeting signals or in their molecular composition when compared to their counterparts from heterotrophic organisms. The proteolytic activity of MPP was found in the cytochrome c reductase complexes from potato, spinach, and wheat, suggesting that the integration of the protease into this respiratory complex is a general feature of higher plants.
    Journal of Bioenergetics 09/1995; 27(4):423-36. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have investigated the function of subunit 8 of the cytochrome bc1 complex by generating six site-directed mutants, F46C, R51S, P62V, G64A, R91N, and W69-stop, in the cloned QCR8 gene and expressing the mutated genes in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain in which the chromosomal copy of QCR8 is deleted. The W69-stop mutation impairs assembly of the bc1 complex and growth of yeast on nonfermentable carbon sources as does deletion of QCR8 [Maarse, A. C., De Haan, M., Schoppink, P. J., Berden J. A., and Grivell, L. A. (1988) Eur. J. Biochem. 172, 179-184], implying that the C-terminus of subunit 8 is important for assembly and/or the stability of the bc1 complex. The F46C, R51S, P62V, G64A, and R91N mutations do not affect the growth of yeast on nonfermentable carbon sources, not do they lower the activity or alter the inhibitor sensitivity of the bc1 complex. Rather, some of the mutations increase the cytochrome C reductase activity of the bc1 complex by as much as 40%. However, succinate-ubiquinone reductase activity was consistently reduced 40-60% in mitochondrial membranes from these mutants, while NADH-ubiquinone reductase activity was not affected. In addition, the activation of succinate-ubiquinone reductase activity by succinate was diminished by the F46C, R51S, P62V, and G64A mutations. These results indicate that the cytochrome bc1 complex participates in electron transfer from succinate to ubiquinone in situ and also suggest an interaction between succinate-ubiquinone reductase and cytochrome bc1 complex which involves subunit 8 of the bc1 complex.
    Journal of Bioenergetics 03/1996; 28(1):59-68. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cytochrome c reductase complexes from fungi and mammals both contain a 14-kD protein (yeast, 14.4 kD; bovine, 13.4 kD) that does not directly participate in electron transfer but possibly is indirectly involved in the function of the complex and has a role in assembly of the multimeric enzyme. A subunit of comparable size was identified for the bc1 complex of higher plants. The 14-kD protein from potato (Solanum tuberosum) was specifically separated from the isolated protein complex in the presence of 6 M urea and is, therefore, assumed to be a peripheral component. Direct sequence analysis of the proteins from potato and wheat (Triticum aestivum) and isolation of corresponding cDNA clones for the subunit from potato revealed clear similarity to the equivalent proteins from yeast and bovine. The wheat 14-kD protein seems to occur in two isoforms. The 14-kD protein from plants is very hydrophilic, has a characteristic charge distribution, and contains no potential membrane-spanning helices. In vitro import of the radiolabeled 14-kD protein from potato into isolated mitochondria depends on the membrane potential across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The protein seems to lack a cleavable mitochondrial presequence, because it is not processed upon translocation. Possible intramolecular regions involved in targeting of the 14-kD protein to plant mitochondria are discussed.
    Plant physiology 05/1995; 107(4):1217-23. · 6.56 Impact Factor


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