Histamine and the heart

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 1.77). 07/1984; 62(6):720-6. DOI: 10.1139/y84-119
Source: PubMed


Histamine has been known as a cardiac stimulant for over 70 years. Work in our laboratory over the past decade has established that histamine receptors exist in the hearts of various species. The type of histamine receptor varies not only between species but also in the various regions of the heart. In the guinea pig heart H1 receptors are found in left atria and ventricles while H2 receptors are found in right atria and are the predominant histamine receptor in the ventricles. Rabbit atria contain both H1 and H2 receptors while the ventricles appear to possess only H1. Rat and cat heart do not seem to have histamine receptors and the positive inotropic and chronotropic effects elicited by histamine in cardiac preparations of these species are due to the release of noradrenaline. Dog heart contains H1 receptors while human heart has H2 receptors. In all cases H2 receptors are associated with adenylate cyclase and stimulation of such receptors results in an increase in cyclic AMP levels. H1 receptors are not associated with cyclic nucleotides in the heart. There are certain similarities between beta-adrenergic and H2-histaminergic receptors as well as between alpha-adrenergic and H1-histaminergic receptors. Stimulation of either histamine receptor must result in an increase in the free calcium ion concentration in the cardiac cell but the mechanisms involved are obviously different.

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    • "From several studies, there is evidence that the predominant histamine receptor in cardiac muscle and the conductive system is the H 2 subtype which is known to couple to stimulatory G proteins (G s ) [4 –6]. However, the situation is complicated by differential expression of histamine receptor subtypes in the ventricles and atria of various species [1] [7]. There is a growing body of evidence that specificity of signalling pathways in terms of G protein-coupling or targeting of further downstream elements, is affected by the expression level of the receptor type and/or the environment , i.e. cell type expressing the receptor. "
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    ABSTRACT: The predominant histamine receptor subtype in the supraventricular and ventricular tissue of various mammalian species is the H2 receptor (H2-R) subtype, which is known to couple to stimulatory G proteins (Gs), i.e. the major effects of this autacoid are an increase in sinus rate and in force of contraction. To investigate histamine effects in H2-R-transfected rat atrial myocytes, endogenous GIRK currents and L-type Ca2+ currents were used as functional assays. In H2-R-transfected myocytes, exposure to His resulted in a reversible augmentation of L-type Ca2+ currents, consistent with the established coupling of this receptor to the Gs-cAMP-PKA signalling pathway. Mammalian K+ channels composed of GIRK (Kir3.x) subunits are directly controlled by interaction with betagamma subunits released from G proteins, which couple to seven-helix receptors. In mock-transfected atrial cardiomyocytes, activation of muscarinic K+ channels (IK(ACh)) was limited to Gi-coupled receptors (M2R, A1R). In H2-R-overexpressing cells, histamine activated IK(ACh) via Gs-derived betagamma subunits since the histamine-induced current was insensitive to pertussis toxin. These data indicate that overexpression of Gs-coupled H2-R results in a loss of target specificity due to an increased agonist-induced release of Gs-derived betagamma subunits. When IK(ACh) was maximally activated by GTP-gamma-S, histamine induced an irreversible inhibition of the inward current in a fraction of H2-R-transfected cells. This inhibition is supposed to be mediated via a G(q/11)-PLC-mediated depletion of PIP2, suggesting a partial coupling of overexpressed H2-R to G(q/11). Dual coupling of H2-Rs to Gs and Gq is demonstrated for the first time in cardiac myocytes. It represents a novel mechanism to augment positive inotropic effects by activating two different signalling pathways via one type of histamine receptor. Activation of the Gs-cAMP-PKA pathway promotes Ca2+ influx through phosphorylation of L-type Ca2+ channels. Simultaneous activation of Gq-signalling pathways might result in phosphoinositide turnover and Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, thereby augmenting H2-induced increases in [Ca2+]i.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 10/2003; 1642(1-2):67-77. DOI:10.1016/S0167-4889(03)00101-0 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histamine has been shown to have both positive inotropic and chronotropic effects. To evaluate the chronotropic effects, spontaneously contracting monolayers of cultured rat myocardial cells were treated with histamine, 10(-7) M-10(-4) M. This resulted in a dose-dependent increase in contraction frequency reaching a maximum in 10(-5) M histamine. Contraction frequency (mean +/- SEM) increased from a control of 121 +/- 5 contractions per minute to 153 +/- 4.5, 181 +/- 9, 212 +/- 4, and 216 +/- 1 in 10(-7) M, 10(-6) M, 10(-5) M, and 10(-4) M histamine, respectively (for each n = 10, p less than 0.001). The effect was time-dependent, taking 30 minutes to develop fully. Changes in contraction frequency were accompanied by parallel dose- and time-dependent increases in the verapamil-sensitive sodium influx. Verapamil-sensitive sodium influx (pmol/cm2/sec) increased from a control of 10.45 +/- 1.44 (mean +/- SEM) to 24.34 +/- 2.41 and 32.57 +/- 2.35 at 10- and 30-minute treatment with 10(-6) M histamine (n = 5, p less than 0.001). These data fit the previously described relation between verapamil-sensitive sodium influx and contraction frequency in these cells. Cimetidine (10(-4) M) but not diphenhydramine (10(-4) M) abolished both the contraction frequency and sodium influx response to histamine. Subsequent studies showed a dose- and time-dependent elevation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) with histamine treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Circulation Research 01/1987; 59(6):668-75. DOI:10.1161/01.RES.59.6.668 · 11.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of histamine on the force of contraction and calcium-dependent action potentials were studied in rabbit ventricular papillary muscles. The positive inotropic effect of histamine seems to be dependent on stimulation of H1 and H2 receptors. The H1 antagonist chlorpheniramine produced a competitive blockade of the positive inotropic effects of histamine. Cimetidine produced a competitive blockade, which was apparent only after blockade of H1 receptors. Histamine increased the maximum upstroke velocity of slow action potentials. This effect can be entirely accounted for by stimulation of H2 receptors. The phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-methyl-xanthine potentiated the H2 receptor mediated effects of histamine on the force of contraction and slow action potentials. We conclude that rabbit ventricular muscle possesses both H1 and H2 receptors that mediate the positive inotropic effect of histamine. The H2-mediated effect seems to be causally related to an increase in the calcium slow inward current and is probably linked to an enhanced cellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate content. The mechanism of the H1-mediated positive inotropic effect remains unknown.
    Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 01/1987; 64(12):1484-8. DOI:10.1139/y86-250 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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