Surgery for tic douloureux.

Clinical neurosurgery 02/1983; 31:351-68.
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    ABSTRACT: A 66-year-old man presented with typical right trigeminal neuralgia. Neuroimaging showed a small arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the right cerebellopontine angle. Suboccipital craniotomy verified that the AVM was almost completely embedded in the root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve and the nerve axis was tilted infero-posteriorly. The patient obtained complete pain relief without sequelae after surgery by transposition of the superior cerebellar artery and correction of the tilted nerve axis. The nidus of the unresected AVM was obliterated by gamma knife radiosurgery.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 01/2011; 51(9):639-41. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopes are increasingly used to examine cranial nerves in microvascular decompression (MVD) operations. The superior petrosal vein (SPV) is often purposely sacrificed to gain adequate exposure to the trigeminal nerve (TN) during MVD. Recently, the importance of preserving the SPV has been emphasized due to potential complications associated with its sacrifice. Our focus is to study the ability to operate on the TN with preservation of the SPV by using endoscope-assisted microsurgery. We studied both cerebellopontine angles in seven cadaveric heads which vascular system had been injected with colored silicon material. MVD procedures were simulated using the operative microscope (Moeller-Wedel, Cologne, Germany) and two fixed-angled (0°and 30°) rigid endoscopes (Aesculap, PA, USA). To compare the practical advantages of microscopic MVD (MMVD) and endoscope-assisted MVD (EAMVD), we divided the approaches into four subcategories (microscopic without and with SPV sacrifice and endoscope-assisted without and with SPV sacrifice) and compared the maneuverability associated with each category using a numerical grading system. EAMVD scored significantly better than MMVD both without and with cutting of the SPV (p < 0.001). Only in MMVD did cutting of the SPV improve the maneuverability especially in the superior quadrant of the nerve (p = 0.012). Based on the proposed scoring system, use of the endoscope in an assisted mode facilitates visualization and mobilization of the vascular loop associated with the TN without need to sacrifice the SPV. Sacrifice of the SVP may help maneuverability in the superior quadrant of the nerve in MMVD.
    Neurosurgical Review 12/2012; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a study to evaluate the follow-up characteristics of patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and to evaluate the factors affecting long-term outcome of microvascular decompression (MVD) in TN. Between 1983 and 2003, 156 patients with TN treated with MVD by 4 neurosurgeons at University Medical Centre Groningen/the Netherlands were evaluated. Baseline data from operative outcome were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analysis. The group consisted of 156 patients with TN: 90 females and 66 males with a median follow-up period of 9.7 years. The average age of initial symptoms was 51 years. The average duration of symptoms was 58 months. Postoperative 22 patients had a facial hyperpathia or hyperesthesia. Postoperatively, 137 patients had immediate relief. Postoperatively 1 year, 140 patients still had a good outcome of the operation. Twenty-seven patients with good immediate postoperative results had recurrent pain. From the group of patients with typical TN, 82% had good long-term results after operation. Patients with typical TN and immediate postoperative remission, in univariate analysis, had significantly more often an excellent/good postoperative outcome. Immediate postoperative remission is an independent predictive factor for a good long-term outcome. The long-term results of MVD in majority of patients were good with no mortalities and no major morbidities. Patients with typical TN had better long-term outcomes and less recurrence.
    Skull Base 09/2011; 21(5):313-22. · 0.66 Impact Factor