Oral glucose inhibits growth hormone secretion induced by human pancreatic growth hormone releasing factor 1-44 in normal man.
ABSTRACT The interaction between the inhibitory effect on growth hormone secretion of a 75 g oral glucose load and the stimulatory effect of human pancreatic growth hormone releasing factor 1-44 (hpGRF 1-44, 10 micrograms i.v.) has been studied in six normal subjects. hpGRF 1-44 alone induced a rise in growth hormone concentrations (maximum mean +/- SEM, 16.5 +/- 1.7 mU/l 15 min after injection) while growth hormone levels were suppressed by oral glucose alone (less than 1.5 mU/l from 45 to 135 min after glucose ingestion). When hpGRF 1-44 was injected 60 min after oral glucose, the growth hormone response was attenuated (maximum, 6.7 +/- 1.4 mU/l at 15 min, P less than 0.05). Increments of blood glucose within the physiological range diminish the growth hormone response to hpGRF 1-44 in normal man.
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ABSTRACT: Human pancreatic growth hormone releasing factor (GRF (1-44)) is the parent molecule of several peptides recently extracted from pancreatic tumours associated with acromegaly. A study was conducted to examine its effects on the release of growth hormone in normal volunteers and in patients with hypopituitarism and acromegaly. GRF (1-44) dose dependently stimulated the release of growth hormone in normal people and produced no appreciable side effect. This response was grossly impaired in patients with hypopituitarism and, although similar to the growth hormone response to hypoglycaemia, was of quicker onset and a more sensitive test of residual growth hormone function. Patients with acromegaly appeared to fall into (a) those with a normal response to GRF, whose growth hormone suppressed significantly with oral glucose, and (b) those who had an exaggerated response to GRF (1-44), whose growth hormone had not suppressed previously after oral glucose. Present methods for testing growth hormone deficiency entail using the insulin stress test, which is time consuming, unpleasant, and sometimes dangerous. A single intravenous injection of GRF now offers the possibility of an easier, safer, and more reliable routine test for growth hormone deficiency. It has the further advantage of being free of side effects and readily performed in outpatients. Hence it seems likely to become the standard test and take the place of the insulin stress test.British medical journal (Clinical research ed.) 06/1983; 286(6379):1687-91.
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ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to determine the plasma levels of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) during constant infusion of graded concentrations of synthetic somatostatin-14 (S-14); to determine the half-life (t1/2) and metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of SLI; to correlate the plasma SLI levels with the degree of inhibition of pituitary and islet hormone secretion and to establish whether the plasma SLI levels capable of inhibiting pituitary and islet hormone secretion fall into the physiological range. Four normal subjects on separate occasions were each infused with saline or S-14 (25,50 and 75 micrograms/h) at a constant rate for 2 1/2 h. Thirty min following the infusions, TRH (200 micrograms) and arginine (0.5 g/kg) were given i.v. Blood samples were drawn every 15 min for measurement of GH, TSH, insulin, glucagon and SLI (by RIA of acid-ethanol extracted plasma) and at rapid intervals for 10 min after stopping the infusions for measurement of SLI disappearance. During S-14 infusions, plasma SLI rose rapidly, reached a plateau from 15-150 min and declined rapidly on cessation of the infusions with a mean t 1/2 of 2.72 +/- 0.45 min. Mean plateau SLI levels were: 149 +/- 3 pg/ml (25 micrograms/h), 465 +/- 35 pg/ml (50 micrograms/h), and 1244 +/- 71 pg/ml (75 micrograms/h). SLI was cleared rapidly but the MCR exhibited a dose-dependent decrease from 3225 +/- 699 ml/min for the 25 micrograms infusion to 1249 +/- 241 ml/min for the 75 micrograms/h infusion (P less than 0.05). The 25 micrograms/h infusion dose produced near-maximal suppression of GH secretion and inhibited insulin secretion but not TSH or glucagon secretion. The intermediate dose significantly inhibited GH, TSH, and insulin but not glucagon whereas the 75 micrograms/h infusion suppressed all four hormones. In six normal subjects endogenous plasma SLI rose from a basal value of 32.5 +/- 4.9 pg/ml to 75.5 +/- 9.0 pg/ml following ingestion of a mixed meal. This level was 50% of that resulting from the 25 micrograms/h infusion and which suppressed GH almost completely. We concluded that: Infused S-14 is cleared rapidly and decays with a short t 1/2; S-14 inhibits its own MCR; The somatotrophs are the most sensitive to S-14 inhibition, followed by the thyrotrophs and the B-cells (approximately equally) followed by the A-cells; Fluctuations in plasma SLI occurring physiologically may influence GH and possibly other S-14 sensitive cells by an endocrine mechanism.Clinical Endocrinology 06/1984; 20(5):555-64. · 3.40 Impact Factor
- Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 10/1970; 31(3):239-47. · 6.43 Impact Factor