Cosleeping in Urban Families with Young Children in the United States

Pediatrics (Impact Factor: 5.47). 09/1984; 74(2):171-82. DOI: 10.1016/S0002-7138(09)60436-2
Source: PubMed


The prevalence and correlates of sleeping in the parental bed among healthy children between 6 months and 4 years of age are described. One hundred fifty children were enrolled in an interview study on the basis of "well-child" care appointments in representative pediatric facilities. The sample created was similar in demographic characteristics to census data for the Cleveland area. In this cross section of families in a large US city, cosleeping was a routine and recent practice in 35% of white and 70% of black families. Cosleeping in both racial groups was associated with approaches to sleep management at bedtime that emphasized parental involvement and body contact. Specifically, cosleeping children were significantly more likely to fall asleep out of bed and to have adult company and body contact at bedtime. Among white families only, cosleeping was associated with the older child, lower level of parental education, less professional training, increased family stress, a more ambivalent maternal attitude toward the child, and disruptive sleep problems in the child.

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    • "Cosleeping is defined in the literature both as a problem and as a solution to infants' sleep issues [15– 17]. A consistent finding in the research is that cosleeping decreases as infants grow older [16] [17] [18]. Studies have found a correlation between maternal separation anxiety and a symbiotic sleep pattern: falling asleep and/or mother-child cosleeping. "
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    ABSTRACT: Academic Editor: Annie Vinter Copyright © 2013 D. Cohenca-Shiby and S. Schonbach-Medina. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Objective. In this paper we examine the association between mothers' attachment style and their infants' sleep patterns. We hypothesized that low levels of anxiety and avoidance attachment orientations would enable the mother to use more efficient strategies to put her infant to sleep, and in time the infant will assimilate these strategies and consequently develop suitable and more independent sleep routines. Participants and Measures. The 125 mothers who participated in this study completed (a) a measure of attachment orientations (b) and a measure of mother's perception of their infant's sleep patterns. Results. The results indicated that the greater the mothers' avoidance attachment orientation is, the longer it takes to put the child to bed at night, the more wakeful the child is at night, and the more the night wakings are. However, for mothers with high anxiety attachment orientation, there is a positive correlation between child's age and the time it takes to put him/her to bed, such that the older the child, the longer it takes. Conclusions. The implications of the parent strategies for putting infants to bed on infants' sleep patterns are discussed. Suggestions for future studies examining broader implications of the results are offered.
    09/2013; Volume 2013 (2013). DOI:10.1155/2013/324217
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    • "Previous research reveals that African Americans attach greater importance to family values (Landrine & Klonoff, 1995) than do Whites, Latinos, or Asians. Moreover, regular family contact (Parker & Calhoun, 1996), extended family households (Hays & Mindel, 1973; Landrine & Klonoff, 1996), and shared family practices are more important to African Americans than to Whites or other racial and ethnic groups (Lozoff, Wolf, & Davis, 1984; Mandansky & Edelbrock, 1990). The social responsibility theme is included throughout the health toolkit to motivate peer educators to share information with friends and family members. "
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    ABSTRACT: As universities become more involved in real-world problems that affect racial and ethnic communities, university members are identifying strategies to effectively work with culturally diverse community partners. The Communities and Health Disparities Project described in this article is an example of collaborative scholarship that engages the university, a community-based organization, and members of the African American community. The purpose of the project was to develop a culturally tailored toolkit to correct misinformation about HIV/AIDS. In this article, the authors identify five strategies for building relationships across diverse cultural groups: connecting with cultural insiders, building collegiality, developing shared aims and goals, recognizing diverse skills and expertise, and sustaining commitments. The authors provide a conceptual framework that integrates the Freirian philosophy and the scholarship of engagement.
    01/2012; 16(2):79-107.
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    • "man and Thoman , 1993 ) influenced child ' s neurological development , a multiplicity of perinatal and perinatal factors have been noted to be associated with infancy and childhood sleep problems . Among these factors , maternal substance use ( Scher et al . , 1988 ) and delivery complications ( Coren and Searleman , 1985 ; Elias et al . , 1986 ; Lozoff et al . , 1984 ) have been studied the most . Parental mental status is related to children ' s sleep problems in a variety of ways ; for example , parental psychopathology increase insecure attachment and sleep problems in children ( Benoit et al . , 1992 ; Lozoff et al . , 1985 ) and decrease their competency of monitoring bedtime and sleep habit of"
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of age, gender and perinatal risk factors on the risks for sleep problems, and investigate the relation between childhood sleep problems and children's behavioral syndromes and parental mental distress in early and middle childhood. We recruited a representative sample of 1391 children, ages 4-9, from nine kindergartens and three elementary schools by using a multistage sampling method. Parents of child participants completed a questionnaire including perinatal risk factors, sleep habits and problems, the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ). A mixed model was used for data analysis to address cluster effect from the same classes and schools. Results showed that boys suffered from more sleep problems than girls. Early insomnia, sleep terrors and enuresis decreased with ages, but sleepwalking increased with ages. Perinatal exposure to alcohol, coffee and non-prescribed medication, vaginal bleeding, artificial delivery, first-born order and higher parental CHQ score (> or =4) were significantly associated with several childhood sleep problems. In addition, children with sleep problems had higher T-scores of the eight behavioral syndromes derived from the CBCL. Our findings indicated that the childhood sleep problems were associated with perinatal risk factors, parental psychopathology and children's behavioral problems.
    Journal of Sleep Research 03/2006; 15(1):63-73. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2006.00492.x · 3.35 Impact Factor
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