Comparison of the teratogenic potential of inhaled ethylene glycol monomethyl ether in rats, mice, and rabbits.
ABSTRACT Studies to assess the effects of inhaled ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) on embryonal and fetal development were conducted on groups of Fischer 344 rats, CF-1 mice, and New Zealand White rabbits. Rabbits and rats were exposed to vapor concentrations of 0, 3, 10, or 50 ppm for 6 hr/day on Days 6 through 18, or Days 6 through 15 of gestation, respectively; mice were exposed to 0, 10, or 50 ppm on Days 6 through 15 of gestation. Exposure of pregnant rabbits to 50 ppm produced significant increases in the incidence of malformations, minor variations, and resorptions, as well as a decrease in fetal body weight. Rats and mice exposed to 50 ppm showed no evidence of a teratogenic effect, although indications of slight fetotoxicity were observed in both species. Transient decreases in maternal body weight gain among rats, mice, and rabbits exposed to 50 ppm were the only consistent signs of maternal effects. No significant treatment-related effects on fetal development were observed in any of the species tested at 10 ppm of EGME or below.
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ABSTRACT: 2-Phenoxyethanol was applied to the clipped skin of pregnant rabbits on Days 6 through 18 of gestation in order to assess the fetotoxic and teratogenic potential by the dermal route. Rabbits were treated with 0, 300, 600, or 1000 mg/kg/day of 2-phenoxyethanol, and fetuses were examined for external, visceral, and skeletal alterations. Dermal application of 1000 mg/kg/day produced maternal toxicity as evidenced by intravascular hemolysis of red blood cells and death in some animals. Maternal toxicity was observed in rabbits treated with 600 mg 2-phenoxyethanol/kg/day but at a lower incidence than that observed at 1000 mg/kg/day. Nine rabbits in the 1000 mg/kg/day dose group and five rabbits at 600 mg/kg/day died or were sacrificed in extremis. Rabbits in the two highest dose groups which survived until Day 28 of gestation showed no evidence of treatment-related effects. No signs of maternal toxicity were seen at 300 mg/kg/day. Examination of rabbit fetuses indicated that, at the dosages tested, 2-phenoxyethanol was not embryotoxic, fetotoxic, or teratogenic.Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 02/1987; 8(2):272-279.
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ABSTRACT: Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether (DEGME) was applied to the skin of pregnant rabbits on Days 6 through 18 of gestation in order to assess the fetotoxic and teratogenic potential by the dermal route. Rabbits were treated with 0, 50, 250, or 750 mg/kg/day of DEGME, and fetuses were examined for external, visceral, and skeletal alterations. Topical application of the highest dose, 750 mg/kg/day, produced slight embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity, and toxicity in the maternal animal. Maternal effects were characterized by decreased weight gain and a concurrent physiologic decrease in red blood cells and packed cell volume values. In addition, a slight increase in embryonic resorptions was observed. The fetal alterations observed, mild forelimb flexure, slight-to-moderate dilation of the renal pelvis, retrocaval ureter, cervical spurs, and delayed ossification of the skull and sternebral bones, are considered to be indicative of fetotoxicity but not teratogenicity. Slight fetotoxicity in the form of delayed ossification of the skull and cervical spurs was seen in the 250 mg/kg/day dose group. No adverse maternal, embryonic, or fetal effects were observed at 50 mg/kg/day.Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 08/1986; 7(1):68-75.
- European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 01/2003; 106(1):92-95. · 1.63 Impact Factor