[(Aminomethyl)aryloxy]acetic acid esters. A new class of high-ceiling diuretics. 1. Effects of nitrogen and aromatic nuclear substitution.

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.48). 01/1985; 27(12):1579-87.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A series of Mannich bases and aminomethyl derivatives of ethyl [2,3-dichloro-4-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)phenoxy]acetate were synthesized and tested for saluretic and diuretic activities. The effects of nitrogen and aromatic nuclear substitution, reorientation of the aminomethyl group relative to that of the phenolic hydroxyl group, and replacement of either the phenolic hydroxyl or the aminomethyl group by other functional groups are described. Ethyl [2,3-dichloro-4-[3-(aminomethyl)-4-hydroxybenzoyl]phenoxy]acetate (27) was found to be a very potent, high-ceiling diuretic.

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    ABSTRACT: 3-Amino-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acids and several series of (aryloxy)alkanoic acids were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on two human erythrocyte ion transport systems--the Na+,K+ cotransport system and the DIDS-sensitive anion carrier. Several classic loop diuretics, including the (aryloxy)alkanoic acid-ethacrynic acid and several 3-amino-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acids, like bumetanide and furosemide, displayed relatively strong inhibitory activity versus the cotransport system with relatively weaker action versus the anion carrier. Furthermore, diuretic potency correlated with cotransport inhibitory potency. Another class of (aryloxy)alkanoic acids, namely the [(2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)oxy]acetic acids, such as indacrinone and MK-473, which exhibit less potent loop diuretic activity, were less potent cotransport inhibitors and more effective inhibitors of the anion carrier. Still other (aryloxy)alkanoic acids, with little saliuretic activity, namely a sub-class of [(2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)oxy]alkanoic acids and a series of [(2,3,9,9a-tetrahydro-1H-fluoren-7-yl)oxy]acetic acids displayed little or no inhibitory action on the cotransport system but enhanced inhibitory action on the anion carrier. Most interestingly, the relative anion carrier inhibitory potency correlated well with the relative inhibitory activity of each compound on bicarbonate-stimulated cell swelling in cat cerebrocortical slices.
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    ABSTRACT: Acetophenone derived mono-Mannich bases (Ig1-Ig4), 1-aryl-3-amino-1-propanone hydrochlorides, which are known to have cytotoxicity in Jurkat cells, were synthesized. Then, they were converted to corresponding azine derivatives (D1-D4), N, N'-bis(3-amino-1-aryl-propylidene)hydrazine dihydrochlorides, which are bifunctional agents. The aryl part was replaced by phenyl in Ig1, Ig2, Ig3, D1, D2, and D3, and by p-hydroxyphenyl in Ig4 and D4. The amine part was replaced by dimethylamine in Ig1, D1, Ig4 and D4, by piperidine in Ig2 and D2, and by morpholine in Ig3 and D3. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the modification in chemical structure, converting the mono-Mannich base to a corresponding azine derivative, improves the cytotoxicity. In addition, the effect of the representative compound, D3, N, N'-bis(3-morpholine-4-yl-1-phenylpropylidene)hydrazine dihydrochloride, on cellular glutathione level after 1 h exposure in phosphate buffer at 37 degrees C was also determined to provide information on a possible mechanism of cytotoxic action. Compounds D2-D4 are reported for the first time in this study. Except for Ig2 and D2, the cytotoxicity of mono-Mannich bases, Ig1, Ig3 and Ig4 and corresponding azine derivatives, D1, D3 and D4 were higher than the reference compound 5-FU. Azine derivatives D1 and D4 had almost equal cytotoxic potency with corresponding mono-Mannich bases Ig1 and Ig4, respectively. On the other hand, azine derivatives D2 and D3, had 1.28 and 1.90-times less cytotoxicity in Jurkat cells compared with the mono-Mannich bases, Ig2 and Ig3, respectively, from which they are derived. Azine derivative D3 dose-dependently decreased the total cellular glutathione level, suggesting that azine derivatives may exert cytotoxicity by thiol alkylation. Azine derivatives with equal or less cytotoxic potency compared to the mono-Mannich bases they are derived from seemed to be less suitable derivatives for the development of new cytotoxic compounds.
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