Oral specific hyposensitization in the management of patients allergic to food.

Allergologia et Immunopathologia (Impact Factor: 1.58). 01/1984; 12(4):275-81.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Results are presented of a protocol of hyposensitizing treatment per os in 19 cases of food allergy (allergy to milk in 8, to egg in 8, to fish in 2, and to orange in one). Treatment, performed in the out-patients service, was successful in 14 out of the 15 patients who followed it correctly (i.e. 93.3% of cases). Treatment lasted between 3 and 12 months.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present document offers an update on the recommendations for managing patients with cow's milk allergy - a disorder that manifests in the first year of life, with an estimated prevalence of 1.6-3% in this paediatric age group. The main causal allergens are the caseins and proteins in lactoserum (beta-lactoglobulin, alpha-lactoalbumin), and the clinical manifestations are highly variable in terms of their presentation and severity. Most allergic reactions affect the skin, followed by the gastrointestinal and respiratory systems, and severe anaphylaxis may occur. The diagnosis of cow's milk allergy is based on the existence of a suggestive clinical history, a positive allergy study and the subsequent application of controlled exposure testing, which constitutes the gold standard for confirming the diagnosis. The most efficient treatment for cow's milk allergy is an elimination diet and the use of adequate substitution formulas. The elimination diet must include milk from other mammals (e.g., sheep, goat, etc.) due to the risk of cross-reactivity with the proteins of cow's milk. Most infants with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy become tolerant in the first few years of life. In those cases where cow's milk allergy persists, novel treatment options may include oral immunotherapy, although most authors do not currently recommend this technique in routine clinical practice. Enough evidence is not there to confirm the efficacy of elimination diets in the mother and infant for preventing the appearance of cow's milk allergy. Likewise, no benefits have been observed with prebiotic and probiotic dietetic supplements in infants for preventing food allergy. Copyright © 2015 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
    Allergologia et Immunopathologia 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.aller.2015.01.003 · 1.58 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Food allergy is a common condition for which there are currently no approved treatments except avoidance of the allergenic food and treatment of accidental reactions. There are several potential treatments that are under active investigation in animal and human studies, but it is not yet clear what the best approach may be. Here, we review approaches that are currently in clinical trials, including oral, sublingual, and epicutaneous immunotherapy, immunotherapy combined with anti-IgE, and Chinese herbal medicine as well as approaches that are in preclinical or early clinical investigation, including modified protein immunotherapy, adjuvants, DNA vaccines, and helminth administration. We discuss the importance of fully exploring the risks and benefits of any treatment before it is taken to general clinical practice and the need for clarity about the goals of treatment.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 05/2014; 124(5):1880-1886. DOI:10.1172/JCI72061 · 13.77 Impact Factor
  • Article: Reply.
    1(4):423-4. DOI:10.1016/j.jaip.2013.04.007