Decreased serum lithium during verapamil therapy
Available from: Luigi X Cubeddu
American Heart Journal 03/1986; 111(2):363-82. DOI:10.1016/0002-8703(86)90154-7 · 4.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We examined red blood cell (RBC) and plasma lithium concentrations and RBC/plasma lithium ratios in 14 manic patients during lithium treatment as part of the National Institute of Mental Health's Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression, Biological Studies. All of the lithium measures increased during treament, especially RBC lithium. There were positive correlations between the RBC lithium concentration and the RBC/plasma lithium ratio and their maximal values in a single-dose pharmacokinetic experiment before treatment. After 5 and 16 days of treatment, patients with good subsequent outcome had higher RBC/plasma lithium ratios than did patients with poor outcome. Early in treatment, there was a negative correlation between lithium concentrations and severity of mania. During treatment, there was a negative correlation between RBC lithium and urinary MHPG excretion. There was a positive correlation between RBC or plasma lithium during the first few days of treatment and subsequent reduction in norepinephrine excertion during treatment. At 3 weeks, there were negative correlations between reductions in catecholamine measures and lithium concentrations. These data suggest that there are changes in the sensitivity of behavior and catecholamine function to lithium during treatment. RBC concentrations of lithium appear to be a potentially useful indicator of its behavioral and neurochemical effects.
Psychiatry Research 02/1987; 20(1-20):1-12. DOI:10.1016/0165-1781(87)90118-1 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the clinical management of heart disease, calcium channel blockers are generally prescribed in combination with one or more anti-angina, antiarrhythmic, or antihypertensive agents. Two different mechanisms are involved in drug interactions: pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic. In the former, the disposition of one drug is altered by the action of another, causing an increase or decrease in its absorption or its modified distribution, metabolism, or excretion. In pharmacodynamic interactions, the physiologic effects of one drug interfere either directly or indirectly with those of another, for instance, by alterations in fluid or electrolyte balance. This effect may be antagonistic or additive. The present work outlines the possible adverse interactions between the three main calcium antagonists and other therapeutic agents, including digoxin, beta blockers and antiarrhythmic, anesthetic, antihypertensive, antiasthmatic, and antidiabetic drugs and contrast media. Knowledge of these effects is of major clinical importance in the treatment of cardiac patients.
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 01/1988; 1(4):403-9. DOI:10.1007/BF02209082 · 3.19 Impact Factor
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