Molecular cloning of a new transforming gene from a chemically transformed human cell line.
ABSTRACT Molecular cloning of the transforming gene from a chemically transformed human osteosarcoma-derived cell line enables the gene to be mapped to chromosome 7 (7p11.4-7qter) and by this criterion and by direct hybridization to be shown to be unrelated to known oncogenes.
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Article: Met in urological cancers.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Met is a tyrosine kinase receptor that is considered to be a proto-oncogene. The hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-Met signaling system plays an important role in tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis in many types of malignancies. Furthermore, Met expression has been reported to be a useful predictive biomarker for disease progression and patient survival in these malignancies. Many studies have focused on the clinical significance and prognostic role of Met in urological cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and urothelial cancer. Several preclinical studies and clinical trials are in progress. In this review, the current understanding of the pathological role of Met in cancer cell lines, its clinical significance in cancer tissues, and its predictive value in patients with urological cancers are summarized. In particular, Met-related malignant behavior in castration-resistant PCa and the different pathological roles Met plays in papillary RCC and other histological types of RCC are the subjects of focus. In addition, the pathological significance of phosphorylated Met in these cancers is shown. In recent years, Met has been recognized as a potential therapeutic target in various types of cancer; therapeutic strategies used by Met-targeted agents in urological cancers are summarized in this review.Cancers. 12/2014; 6(4):2387-403.
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ABSTRACT: Met receptor tyrosine kinase was discovered in 1984 as an oncogene. Thirty years later, Met and its ligand hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor are promising targets for the novel therapies developed to fight against cancers, with more than 240 clinical trials currently conducted. In this review, we offer to trace and highlight the most recent findings of the exemplary track record of research on Met receptor, which allowed moving this biomarker from bench to bedside. Indeed, three decades of basic research unravelled the structural basis of the ligand/receptor interaction and their complex downstream signaling network. During this period, animal models highlighted their crucial role in the development and homeostasis of epithelial organs. In parallel, involvement of Met in tumorigenesis was confirmed by the direct association of its deregulation to poor prognosis in numerous cancers. On the basis of these data, pharmaceutical companies developed many Met inhibitors, some of which are in phase III clinical trials. These impressive achievements should not detract from many questions that still remain, such as the precise Met signaling involvement in development or homeostasis of specific epithelial structures. In addition, the processes involving Met in resistance to current therapies or the appearance of resistances to Met-targeted therapies are far from being fully understood. Cancer Res; 74(23); 1-8. ©2014 AACR. ©2014 American Association for Cancer Research.Cancer Research 11/2014; · 9.28 Impact Factor
Article: MET and Small-Cell Lung Cancer.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is one of the most aggressive lung tumors. The majority of patients with SCLC are diagnosed at an advanced stage. This tumor type is highly sensitive to chemo-radiation treatment, with very high response rates, but invariably relapses. At this time, treatment options are still limited and the prognosis of these patients is poor. A better knowledge of the molecular biology of SCLC allowed us to identify potential druggable targets. Among these, the MET/HGF axis seems to be one of the most aberrant signaling pathways involved in SCLC invasiveness and progression. In this review, we describe briefly all recent literature on the different molecular profiling in SCLC; in particular, we discuss the specific alterations involving c-MET gene and their implications as a potential target in SCLC.Cancers. 12/2014; 6(4):2100-2115.