Chronic myelogenous leukemia with a complex Ph1 translocation in an XYY male.
ABSTRACT We encountered a 38-year-old Japanese male patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), whose bone marrow and peripheral blood cells during the chronic and blastic phases contained a complex Ph1 translocation and an extra Y chromosome [i.e., 47,XYY,t(9;22;13)(q34;q11;q14)]. A karyotypic analysis of PHA-stimulated lymphocytes showed the constitutional karyotype to be 47,XYY. Thus, it was considered that CML with a complex Ph1 translocation developed in an XYY male; such a case has not been reported, so far. A B-lymphocyte cell line with the complex Ph1 translocation was established by the procedure of Epstein-Barr virus transformation. The presence of the complex Ph1 translocation in the B-lymphocyte cell line suggests that some of the B lymphocytes in this patient originated from the CML clone.
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ABSTRACT: A case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in a 16-year-old male with a 47,XYY karyotype is reported. This chromosome aneuploidy was found in both bone marrow (BM) cells and mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes. Immunologic profile of leukemic cells showed a null phenotype. To our knowledge, this is the fifth case reported in the literature.Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 11/1990; 49(2):225-7. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Activation of the MET protooncogene by a rearrangement involving the fusion of TPR and MET specific gene sequences has been observed in a human osteosarcoma cell line (HOS) treated in vitro with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). No information has been available about the possible occurrence of this rearrangement in human tumors. To facilitate rapid screening of human cell lines and tumor samples for this specific gene rearrangement, we developed a sensitive detection method based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of TPR-MET mRNA. cDNA was generated from cellular transcripts by using one of the PCR primers, which was then used as a template for PCR amplification of a 205-base-pair region carrying the breakpoint. An end-labeled internal probe was hybridized in solution to an aliquot of the PCR product for detecting amplification. Cells could be directly screened by the assay without prior isolation of RNA. A 205-base-pair DNA fragment characteristic of the TPR-MET rearrangement was detected in cell lines previously known to contain this altered sequence. The rearrangement was also detected at very low levels in the parental (nontransformed) cell line, HOS TE-85. A preliminary survey of cell lines derived from a variety of human tumors indicates that TPR-MET rearrangement occurred and was expressed at very low frequencies by cells from 7 of 14 tumors of nonhematopoietic origin.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/1990; 87(2):738-42. · 9.81 Impact Factor
Article: XYY male and hematologic malignancy.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Two cases of XYY male with refractory anemia with excess of blasts are reported, and previous reported XYY males with hematologic malignancy are reviewed. Altogether 26 cases were collected for analysis: acute myeloid leukemia (10), acute lymphocytic leukemia (seven), acute leukemia (two), chronic myelocytic leukemia (three), myelodysplastic syndrome (three), and essential thrombocythemia (one). The age at the time of diagnosis ranged in age from 7.5 to 81 years. In three of six XYY/XY mosaicism cases, XYY clone was associated with malignancy. However, in two cases XYY clone was not involved. The evidence presented here suggests that the event of an XYY male with hematologic malignancy is incidental rather than a genetic etiology.Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 10/1996; 90(2):179-81. · 1.93 Impact Factor