Chromosome studies in 496 infertile males with a sperm count below 10 million/ml.
ABSTRACT Chromosome studies were performed on 106 men with azoospermia and 390 men with oligozoospermia (consistent sperm count below 10 million/ml). Constitutional chromosome abnormalities were found in 14.1% of the azoospermia group and in 5.1% of the oligozoospermia group. An overall incidence of 7.1% constitutional abnormalities indicates that this criterion of selection may be advisable for routine chromosome analysis of infertile men. A reduction of 25% in the workload increases the yield of chromosome abnormalities in the group of infertile men to 10-14 times above that expected in the normal population.
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ABSTRACT: Patients with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) and normal karyotypes have an increased sperm aneuploidy rate. This may be due to an altered intratesticular environment that affects the chromosomal segregation mechanism(s). Alternatively, it may be due to a generalized meiotic and mitotic abnormality. In this case, patients with abnormal spermatogenesis should also have an increased somatic cell aneuploidy rate. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated peripheral leukocyte aneuploidy rate in patients with spermatogenic impairment. In all, 38 patients were enrolled, of whom 20 had OAT, 15 non-obstructive azoospermia and three Y chromosome (Yq) microdeletions (AZF). Eight healthy normozoospermic men with proven fertility were recruited as controls. Conventional karyotype analysis, AZF microdeletion evaluation and triple-colour FISH for chromosomes X, Y and 12 were conducted in all patients and controls. A total of 1000 lymphocytes were scored for each patient and control. All patients and controls had a normal karyotype. Sex chromosome aneuploidy rates in peripheral lymphocytes was significantly higher in patients with OAT (0.74+/-0.09%), azoospermia (1.15+/-0.15%) or Yq microdeleted (1.54+/-0.40%), compared with controls (0.15+/-0.03%) (P <0.05). Patients with OAT, azoospermia or Yq microdeletions had a slight, but significant, increase of sex chromosome aneuploidy rate in lymphocytes, suggesting the presence of a generalized defective cell division mechanism. In contrast with recent observations, Yq microdeletions do not seem to predispose to a higher number of malsegregation events in somatic cells compared with patients with azoospermia.Human Reproduction 09/2005; 20(8):2153-6. DOI:10.1093/humrep/dei036 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Published reports show that male carriers of an X-autosome translocation, which is either inherited from their mother or is de novo, are generally sterile, regardless of the position of the breakpoint in the X chromosome. We report a three-generation propagation of such a translocation in a family with a case of male factor infertility. Due to the condition of severe oligozoospermia, the proband and his wife underwent ICSI, which resulted in the birth of a normal healthy female. Cytogenetic (chromosome) analyses and X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) assays were done on the family. The cytogenetic analysis of the proband, a man with severe oligozoospermia, revealed an X-autosomal translocation, 46,Y,t(X;20)(q10;q10), which was inherited from his mother. His brother had the same translocation. Amniocentesis and post-natal umbilical cord analyses revealed that the female infant carried the same translocation as her father. XCI studies showed highly skewed inactivation of the normal X chromosome in the female infant, her paternal grandmother, and her mother who had a normal karyotype. In contrast to the data from the literature, our study suggests that men with a certain type of X-autosomal translocation could conceive children through ICSI in conditions in which a few spermatogonia are able to complete meiosis II. The literature involving X-autosomal translocation in males is also reviewed and the importance of the study of X-chromosomal inactivation in female infants discussed.Human Reproduction 08/2003; 18(7):1377-82. DOI:10.1093/humrep/deg247 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cytogenetic investigations were performed in 781 couples prior to intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) because of severe male infertility or fertilization failures in previous in-vitro fertilization attempts. Out of these 1562 patients, 1012 had a normal karyotype without any aberrations (64.8%), 204 patients had an abnormal karyotypes (13.1%). These chromosome aberrations included constitutional aberrations (4.4%), fragile sites of autosomes (3.0%), low level mosaicism of sex chromosomes (4.0%) and secondary structural chromosome aberrations (4.2%). Combinations of different types of abnormalities were stated. Another 346 patients (22.1%) showed single cell aberrations; the significance of these is unclear at the moment. Constitutional chromosome aberrations were detected in 69 patients. The following chromosome aberrations were observed: 35 sex chromosomal aberrations (comprising hyperploidies of X or Y chromosomes, mosaicisms and derivative X and Y chromosomes), 34 autosomal aberrations including 14 reciprocal translocations, five Robertsonian translocations, six inversions, one marker chromosome, one trisomy 18 mosaicism and seven other structural aberrations. Three autosomal regions showed fragile sites: 6q13 in 2.9% of the patients, 17p12 and 10q24 in 0.05% each. In conclusion, our data show that a high number of infertile couples in an ICSI programme are affected by chromosome aberrations which occur in both sexes. It is suggested that a chromosomal analysis should be performed on both partners before ICSI treatment is initiated.Human Reproduction 10/1999; 14(9):2257-63. DOI:10.1093/humrep/14.9.2257 · 4.59 Impact Factor