Fibrobullous disease of the upper lobes: An extraskeletal manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis

From the Department of Radiology, New York University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
Journal of Computed Tomography 08/1984; 8(3):225-9. DOI: 10.1016/0149-936X(84)90066-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Fibrobullous disease of the upper lobes of the lungs is a rare extraskeletal manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis, occurring in 1.3% of patients with ankylosing spondylitis. We present a patient with this disease, and discuss this pulmonary manifestation. Because the radiographic appearance of the chest in this disease resembles that in tuberculosis, many patients are misdiagnosed and treated for tuberculosis despite negative bacteriology. Computed tomography is useful in delineating the extent of pleural thickening, bullous changes, volume loss, parenchymal fibrosis, and bronchiectasis, as well as identifying or excluding an intracavitary pulmonary mycetoma.

1 Follower
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chest radiographs of 39 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were studied. Three showed apical pulmonary fibrosis, two with cavitary lesions. Other known causes of lung disease were excluded. Symptoms and roentgenographic evidence of spondylitis were present for many years prior to the onset of pulmonary symptoms, which variably included shortness of breath, cough, hemoptysis, pleuritic chest pain, fever, and chills. Apical pulmonary lesions of unknown cause were absent in 53 age, sex, and racematched osteoarthritis control patients. The findings suggest that apical pulmonary fibrosis may be an extra-skeletal manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis, the frequency of which approaches that of spondylitic heart disease.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 01/1976; 2(4):446-53. · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous studies on the association of ankylosing spondylitis and abnormalities of the lung parenchyma have been based largely on plain radiography and pulmonary function testing. This study, although uncontrolled, is the first to use high-resolution computed tomography to examine the entire lung parenchyma in ankylosing spondylitis patients, and to correlate the findings with clinical assessment, plain radiography and pulmonary function testing. The study population comprised 26 patients meeting the New York criteria for idiopathic ankylosing spondylitis who attended the out-patient department at our institution. High-resolution computed tomography examination revealed abnormalities in 19 patients (70%): these included interstitial lung disease (n = 4), bronchiectasis (n = 6), emphysema (n = 4), apical fibrosis (n = 2), mycetoma (n = 1) and non-specific interstitial lung disease (n = 12). Plain radiography was abnormal in only four patients and failed to identify any patient with interstitial lung disease. All patients with interstitial lung disease on high-resolution computed tomography had respiratory symptoms and three of the four had evidence of a restrictive process on pulmonary function testing. This study raises, for the first time, the possible association between interstitial lung disease and ankylosing spondylitis, and highlights the use of high-resolution computed tomography in detecting such disease in ankylosing spondylitis patients.
    British journal of rheumatology 07/1997; 36(6):677-82. DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/36.6.677
Show more