Effects of activated carbon and bacteriostatic filters on microbiological quality of drinking water.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.95). 04/1981; 41(3):646-51.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Three activated carbon filters for point-of-use water treatment were tested in laboratory and field studies for chemical removal and microbiological effects on water. All removed free available chlorine in municipally treated water to below the limit of detection, but removed only about 50 to 70% of the total available chlorine and 4 to 33% of the total organic carbon. Standard plate count bacteria in the effluent increased steadily with time for 3 weeks and remained elevated over the 8-week period of the study. Total coliform bacteria were found to persist and proliferate on the filters for several days after transient contamination of the influent water. Silver-containing activated carbon filters suppressed total coliform but not total bacterial growth. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was recovered from the effluents of all filters at some time during the tests.

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    ABSTRACT: The microbial adsorption characteristics of two different media for biological treatment were studied using attached diverse microbes onto activated carbon and ceramic. The results in the experiments of the characteristics of physical adhesion on two different media with addition of high and low concentrated substrate in the culture were observed that the efficient of adhesion onto F-400 activated carbon was higher over that of ceramic due to the surface area of media. The irradiation treatment by ultrasonication with 400 W power and 3 min retention time on the media without addition substrate conditions and subsequent mixing throughly the culture showed the highest efficiency of cell detachment on the media. Three different microbes, P. ovalis, A calcoaceticus, and B. subtillis were used for the study of the characteristics of microbial adhesion on the media. p ovalis showed the highest adhesion capability while B. subtillis showed the lowest capability adhesion onto media either addition of substrate in the culture. The mixed bacterial culture showed lower removal efficiency of DOC in the low concentrated substrate culture compared to the single pure culture. Whileas, it did not show significant difference between two cultures at high concentrated substrate. It was also observed same population density of microorganism by counting of microbes adhered to microbial media with an ultrasound treatment.
    Journal of Environmental Science International. 01/2005; 14(12).
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    Journal of Experimental Nanoscience 01/2014; · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of ionic strength and iron impregnation on the attachment of Enterococcus faecalis to granular activated carbon (GAC). Column experiments were performed to examine bacterial adhesion to coconutbased GAC (c-GAC), iron-impregnated c-GAC (fc-GAC), acid-washed c-GAC (a-GAC) and iron-impregnated a-GAC (fa-GAC) under two different solution (NaCl 1, 10 mM) conditions. Results showed that bacterial mass recovery in c-GAC decreased from 77.3 to 61.6% while in a-GAC it decreased from 71.6 to 32.3% with increasing ionic strength from 1 to 10 mM. This indicates that bacterial attachment to GAC can be enhanced with increasing ionic strength. Results also showed that the mass recoveries in fc-GAC were 62.6% (1 mM) and 53.3% (10 mM) while they were 50.8% (1 mM) and 16.9%(10 mM) in fa-GAC, which were lower than those in c-GAC and a-GAC. This demonstrates that bacterial adhesion to GAC can be enhanced through iron impregnation. This study provides information regarding the effects of ionic strength and iron impregnation on bacterial attachment to GAC. Furthermore, this study will advance our knowledge of bacterial removal in surface-modified granular media.
    Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers. 01/2009; 31(2).


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