Cholinergic growth factor from skeletal muscle elevated following denervation.
ABSTRACT The effect of skeletal muscle extracts upon cholinergic neuron in vitro survival was investigated. All muscle soluble protein extracts elicited survival of neurons above that of neurons alone in culture and were found to be active below a protein concentration of 1.0 mg/ml. However, skeletal muscle which had been previously denervated, was found to contain higher amounts of survival activity than innervated muscle extracts. This elevation of survival activity was greatest within the first 7 days post-denervation, but subsequently declined towards the innervated level.
- Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 07/1992; 657:379-96. · 4.38 Impact Factor
- Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 12/2006; 495(1):378 - 395. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The relationship between the neuron and its target is explored and the possible mechanisms for achieving correct connections are analysed. The most plausible mechanism is the presence of a retrograde intra-axonal message from the target to the neuronal cell body. The molecular form of the message and the mechanisms to achieve this signal transduction are discussed and it is proposed that there are two types of neurotrophic factors. One has a short-acting second messenger, itself incapable of surviving for the time required for transport to the cell body and thus requiring the transport of the message-generating complex to the cell body. The other has a long-lasting second messenger complex which is well able to survive the transport to the cell body so that there is no need for the transport of the neurotrophic factor itself. Thus all neurotrophic factors do not themselves require retrograde axonal transport and such non-transportable factors may generate intricate messages due to associations of signal transduction molecules via binding sites such as phosphorylated tyrosines and the src homology domain 2.Pharmacology [?] Therapeutics 01/1993; 56(3):265-85. · 7.79 Impact Factor