Surgical repair of a dislocated superficial digital flexor tendon and fractured fibular tarsal bone in a horse

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (Impact Factor: 1.56). 09/1983; 183(3):332-3.
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: This is a report of the surgical technique used to repair a non-displaced, complete sagittal fracture of the talus in a horse utilizing lag screw compression. A review of tarsal fractures in horses along with the history, clinical signs, and diagnostic workup which led to the diagnosis of a previously unreported type of tarsal fracture is presented. The horse presented in this report, returned to race successfully but at a lower level of competition.
    Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 03/1990; 10(2-10):108-112. DOI:10.1016/S0737-0806(06)80115-2 · 0.87 Impact Factor

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    ABSTRACT: Traumatic fractures and luxations of the tarsus are uncommon due to its investment by periarticular and collateral ligaments and the extensive ligamentous insertion of the cranial tibial and peroneus tertius muscles. The relatively nonspecific clinical signs and their highly variable intensity strongly depend on the extent of trauma and the site of injury. With the exception of some calcaneal fractures, most tarsal bone fractures are closed. A thorough understanding of the normal radiographic appearance of the tarsus is essential in order to localize and diagnose specific traumatic injuries. Additional radiographic projections or advanced diagnostic imaging techniques, such as nuclear scintigraphy or computed tomography, may aid in recognition and localization of injuries when changes are not detectable on standard radiographic views. Ultrasonography provides important diagnostic information regarding concurrent soft tissue injuries and may be used to detect defects in articular cartilage and subchondral bone at selected sites. The large tarsal bones (i.e., distal tibia, calcaneus, and talus) are covered only with a thin soft tissue, making them susceptible to external trauma. Treatment and prognosis for patients with large tarsal bone fractures strongly depend on the type of fracture, extent of trauma, and presence cf concurrent soft tissue injuries.
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