Translocation 4;11 in acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Clinical characteristics and prognostic significance

Blood (Impact Factor: 10.45). 02/1982; 59(1):96-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Banded bone marrow chromosome analyses have been done on 83 unselected patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Seven patients, all with non-T, non-B ALL, had a translocation involving the long arms of chromosomes 4 and 11. Five of these patients, 4 children and 1 adult, were first studied at diagnosis, and the t(4;11) (q21;q23) was the only karyotypic abnormality. All 5 presented with a marked leukocytosis (greater than 150 X 10(9)/liter). Four of these 5 patients achieved a complete remission following the same intensive treatment regimen; however, remission duration and survival were very short (medians 2.5 and 8 mo, respectively). The fifth patient is currently receiving induction chemotherapy. The remaining 2 patients, both adults, were studied in relapse only, and had other karyotypic abnormalities in addition to the t(4;11). One of these relapse patients was a female whose clinical presentation and course were similar to those above. The last patient was a male who presented with a leukocyte count of 7 X 10(9)/liter and maintained an initial complete remission for 37 mo. Our data suggest that patients who have a t(4;11) (q21;q23) at the time of diagnosis of ALL have a poor prognosis with conventional therapy and require a new therapeutic approach.

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    ABSTRACT: The chromosome Hq23 band ¡s a genetic region frequently involved in nonrandom karyotypic abnormalities of acute leukemia. A genomic locus named ALL-1 or I//./., where Hq23 breakpoints are clustered, has been recently cloned and characterized. We have made use of an ¿¿¿-/-specific probe in Southern blot experiments to analyze the configuration of this gene in a large series of acute leukemia patients, representative of all different myeloid and lymphoid subtypes. Nine of 145 cases (6.2%) showed abnormal ALL-1 restriction fragments in leukemic DNAs. Of these nine cases. Five patients in whom karyotypic data were available displayed chromosome Ilq23 aberrations, including t(4;ll) (three cases) and t(9;ll) (two cases). Immunophenotypic and mor- phocytochemical characterization of ¿¿¿-/-rearranged acute leukemia revealed prevalence of poorly differentiated B lymphoid and/or monoblas- tic features. Considering the whole series, ALL-1 rearrangements were significantly associated with female sex, higher white blood cell counts at presentation, and very poor clinical outcome. The presence of residual disease was molecularly documented in one case at the time of clinical remission after induction treatment and was followed by early relapse. We conclude that ALL-1 rearrangements are new molecular markers of hu man leukemia with considerable diagnostic and prognostic relevance.
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    ABSTRACT: The cytogenetic findings in a five-week-old female infant with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are reported. Markers 11q - and 19 + were observed and considered to be due to an interstitial deletion of segment 11q13 to 11q23 of chromosome #11 and an insertion of this segment into the terminal region of the short arm of #19. Previously published banded cases of leukemic infants under one year of age have been summarized. A review of the data in these 29 cases suggests that the appearance of a normal karyotype in acute leukemia of infants (less than or equal to 1 year old) is much less common than in other categories of acute leukemia. Fourteen out of 29 cases (48%) had chromosomal abnormalities involving 11q. Seven of eight ALL cases had aberrations with a breakpoint at 11q22-23; six cases had t(4;11), one case had a del(11q) and ins(19p), and another had a t(1;22;4). All of three AMMoL cases had translocations involving the long arm of #11. The percentage of patients with t(4;11) and certain translocations involving 11q in infants with ALL or AMMoL, respectively, is higher than that seen in ALL and AMMoL in general. Eleven out of 12 cases (92%) of infant acute leukemias with chromosomal abnormalities involving 11q22-23 were five months old or less.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 07/1983; 9(2):139-44. DOI:10.1016/0165-4608(83)90034-1 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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