Herniation pit of the femoral neck.

American Journal of Roentgenology (Impact Factor: 2.9). 07/1982; 138(6):1115-21.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A round to oval radiolucency surrounded by a thin zone of sclerosis is often identified in the proximal superior quadrant of adult femoral necks. Although usually recognized as incidental and benign, these radiolucencies may be of clinical concern in patients with hip symptoms. The true nature and genesis of these radiolucencies have not been explained. This article relates these radiolucencies to common acquired degenerative changes developing on the surface of the femoral neck in adults (the reaction area) and shows that the radiolucency represents a subcortical pit or cavity formed by herniation of soft tissue contents through defects in the surface of the reaction area. The formation of this pit and its relation to the commonly seen femoral neck radiolucency has not been previously described. The name "herniation pit" is suggested for these lesions.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively evaluate if there is an association between juxta-articular fibrocystic changes at the anterosuperior femoral neck and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). The institutional review board approved this study and did not require informed patient consent. An orthopedic surgeon and a radiologist in consensus retrospectively reviewed the anteroposterior (AP) pelvic radiographs of 117 hips with FAI and compared these images with the AP radiographs of a control group of 132 hips with developmental dysplasia (DD) to determine the prevalence of juxta-articular fibrocystic changes at the anterosuperior femoral neck. Criteria for juxta-articular fibrocystic changes at the anterosuperior femoral neck were location close to the physis and a diameter (of the fibrocystic change) of greater than 3 mm. The sensitivity and specificity of AP pelvic radiography in the detection of these fibrocystic changes were calculated by using an additional 61 hips with FAI and on the basis of findings at magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography, which was routinely performed for assessment of FAI. In 24 patients who underwent joint-preserving surgery for FAI, the fibrocystic changes were localized intraoperatively and the spatial relation of the region of these changes to the area of FAI was identified. Joint-preserving surgery consisted of anterior surgical dislocation of the hip with osteochondroplasty of the proximal femur and/or the acetabular rim to improve the impingement-free range of hip motion. For statistical comparisons, nonparametric tests were performed. Fibrocystic changes were identified on the AP radiographs of 39 (33%) of the 117 FAI-affected hips and on none of the radiographs of the 132 DD-affected hips. According to MR arthrogram findings, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of AP pelvic radiography were 64%, 93%, 91%, and 71%, respectively. The mean diameter of the juxta-articular fibrocystic changes was 5 mm (range, 3-15 mm); smaller lesions were more prevalent. Dynamic MR imaging with the hip flexed and intraoperative observations revealed a close spatial relationship between the region of the fibrocystic changes at the anterosuperior femoral neck and the acetabular rim. The high prevalence of juxta-articular fibrocystic changes at the anterosuperior femoral neck and their spatial relation to the impingement site suggest an association and possible causal relationship between these alterations and FAI.
    Radiology 08/2005; 236(1):237-46. · 6.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although in most cases the diagnosis of acute appendicitis is straightforward, not all patients experience typical symptoms and other conditions may mimic appendicitis. In fact, 15-25% of appendectomies involve the removal of a normal appendix. To date, there is no literature evidence that herniation pit (HP) may mimic acute appendicitis. We report a case of a 30 year old woman admitted to the Emergency Department for severe, acute pain developing a few hours earlier in the lower right fossa, with irradiaton to the right thigh. She did not present any fever, nausea or vomiting, Blumberg's sign was absent but the psoas sign and obturator sign were both positive. WBC count was 16,000/mm3 and the Alvarado score was 4. Biochemistry profile was normal. US was unclear and transvaginal ultrasound did not show any gynecological disease. CT scan showed only an herniation pit of the right femoral neck. The patient was admitted to an orthopedic ward and treated with anti-inflammatory therapy. She was discharged after 2 days without any pain and in good conditions. Our case demonstrates that herniation pits of the right femoral neck should be considered a potential cause of right lower abdominal pain mimicking acute appendicitis, particularly if the psoas sign and obturator sign are positive and the patient is physically active.
    Il Giornale di chirurgia 34(5-6):158-60.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Focal lesions in bone are very common and many of these lesions are not bone tumors. These bone tumor mimickers can include numerous normal anatomic variants and non-neoplastic processes. Many of these tumor mimickers can be left alone, while others can be due to a significant disease process. It is important for the radiologist and clinician to be aware of these bone tumor mimickers and understand the characteristic features which allow discrimination between them and true neoplasms in order to avoid unnecessary additional workup. Knowing which lesions to leave alone or which ones require workup can prevent misdiagnosis and reduce patient anxiety.
    The Indian journal of radiology & imaging. 07/2014; 24(3):225-36.


Available from