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Grafting of the maxillary sinus floor with autogenous marrow and bone.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aims of this study were to investigate the best two of five common methods of collecting autologous bone (preliminary study [PS]) and to test clinically the effects of autografts harvested using a trephine bur or bone scraper for sinus augmentation surgery (main study [MS]). Materials and Methods: In the PS, five autograft samples from five patients (n = 25) were harvested with a bone scraper, round bur, piezoelectric device, implant bur, and trephine bur and were processed for histomorphometric analysis. In the MS, sinus augmentation was performed on 20 patients using bovine-derived bone substitute and autograft collected with a trephine bur (group A, n = 10) or collected with a bone scraper (group B, n = 10). Narrow implants were also placed. At 6 months, changes in graft volume were evaluated with cone beam computed tomography. The amounts of regenerated bone, residual graft, and osseointegration of the implants were assessed histologically. Results: In the PS, the trephine bur and bone scraper harvested bone chips that were medium to large and more vital than those obtained with the other tools. In the MS, no significant differences were seen between groups in terms of the amount of residual biomaterial, regenerated bone, change in graft volume, and osseointegration. Conclusion: Biologic differences between these two bone particulates may not influence regeneration and implant osseointegration in sinus augmentation when mixed with xenograft bone.
    The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants 02/2015; DOI:10.11607/jomi.3810 · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of bone remodeling after maxillary sinus lifting in humans by means of fractal dimension (FD) and histomorphometric analysis. Therefore, the correlation between FD and the histomorphometric findings was evaluated. Sixteen patients with posterior edentulous maxilla were enrolled in this study. Maxillary sinus lifting was performed using autogenous bone grafted from the mandibular retromolar area. Three direct digital panoramic radiographs were obtained: before surgery (Group 1), immediately postoperatively (Group 2) and after 6 months of healing (Group 3) for FD analysis. Biopsies were taken after 6 months, processed and submitted to histological and histomorphometric analysis. Data were analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk test and ANOVA test followed by a Tukey test (a=0.05). The bone volume fraction of newly trabecular bone (TB) and medullary area (MA) was measured as 62.75%±17.16% and 37.25±17.16%, respectively. Significant difference in FD analysis was measured between Group 1 and Group 3. No significant difference was found in the correlation between FD and histomorphometric analysis for TB and MA (p=0.84). In conclusion, all performed analyses were effective in assessing the bone-remodeling pattern in the maxillary sinus, offering complementary information about healing and predictable outcomes. There were no correlations between FD and histomorphometric analysis.
    Brazilian Dental Journal 01/2015; 26(1):11-8. DOI:10.1590/0103-6440201300290
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