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Use of syringes containing dry (lyophilized) heparin in sampling blood for pH measurement and blood-gas analysis.

Clinical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 7.15). 08/1982; 28(7):1727-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Results of arterial blood gas analysis can be biased by pre-analytical factors, such as time to analysis, syringe type, and temperature during storage. However, the acceptable delay between time of collection and analysis for equine arterial blood gas remains unknown. Dedicated plastic syringes provide better stability of arterial blood gases than multipurpose plastic syringes. Eight mares, 1 stallion, and 1 gelding, ages 3 to 10 years old. Arterial blood samples were collected in a glass syringe, a plastic syringe designated for blood gas collection, and a multipurpose tuberculin plastic syringe. Blood samples were stored at ambient temperature or in iced water. For each sample, partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood (PaCO2), and pH were measured within a few minutes of collection and at 5, 20, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after collection. Collection into glass syringes stored in iced water provided adequate PaO2 results for up to 117 +/- 35 minutes, whereas blood collected in either of the plastic syringes resulted in a variation >10 mm Hg after 10 +/- 3 to 17 +/- 2 minutes, depending on the storage conditions. Plastic syringes kept at ambient temperature offered more stability for PaCO2 analysis because they could be stored up to 83 +/- 16 minutes without significant variations. Values of pH did not show variations more than 0.02 for the first hour, irrespectively of storage condition. Glass syringes placed on ice are preferable for analysis of PaO2. Blood collected in plastic syringes should be analyzed within 10 minutes, irrespective of the storage temperature, to ensure the accuracy of PaO2 values.
    Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 01/2007; 21(3):476-81. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine effects of syringe type and storage conditions on blood gas and acid-base values for equine blood samples. Blood samples obtained from 8 healthy horses. Heparinized jugular venous blood was equilibrated via a tonometer at 37°C with 12% O(2) and 5% CO(2). Aliquots (3 mL) of tonometer-equilibrated blood were collected in random order by use of a glass syringe (GS), general-purpose polypropylene syringe (GPPS), or polypropylene syringe designed for blood gas analysis (PSBGA) and stored in ice water (0°C) or at room temperature (22°C) for 0, 5, 15, 30, 60, or 120 minutes. Blood pH was measured, and blood gas analysis was performed; data were analyzed by use of multivariable regression analysis. Blood Po(2) remained constant for the reference method (GS stored at 0°C) but decreased linearly at a rate of 7.3 mm Hg/h when stored in a GS at 22°C. In contrast, Po(2) increased when blood was stored at 0°C in a GPPS and PSBGA or at 22°C in a GPPS; however, Po(2) did not change when blood was stored at 22°C in a PSBGA. Calculated values for plasma concentration of HCO(3) and total CO(2) concentration remained constant in the 3 syringe types when blood was stored at 22°C for 2 hours but increased when blood was stored in a GS or GPPS at 0°C. Blood samples for blood gas and acid-base analysis should be collected into a GS and stored at 0°C or collected into a PSBGA and stored at room temperature.
    American Journal of Veterinary Research 07/2012; 73(7):979-87. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that differences in oxygen tension (PO2) and carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) values from measurements performed on different blood gas analysers in different laboratories are clinically insignificant. Samples of fresh whole human tonometered blood (PO2 8.1 kPa (60.8 mmHg); PCO2 5.3 kPa (39.9 mmHg)) were placed in airtight glass syringes and transported in ice-water slush. Blood gas analysis was performed within 3.5 h by 17 analysers (10 different models) in 10 hospitals on one day. The mean of the differences between the measured and target values was -0.01+/-0.19 and 0.21+/-0.13 kPa (-0.06+/-1.45 and 1.55+/-1.01 mmHg) for PO2 and PCO2, respectively. The mean of the differences between two samples on one analyser was 0.06+/-0.06 and 0.04+/-0.03 kPa (0.47+/-0.48 and 0.29+/-0.24 mmHg), respectively. For PO2 and PCO2 the interinstrument standard deviations (s(b)) were 0.18 and 0.13 kPa (1.38 and 0.99 mmHg), respectively, whereas the intra-instrument standard deviations (s) were 0.06 and 0.03 kPa (0.47 and 0.26 mmHg), respectively. Both for PO2 and PCO2 the ratios of s(b)2 and s2 were statistically significant (analysis of variance (ANOVA) p<0.001). The standard deviations of a random measurement on a random analyser were 0.19 and 0.14 kPa (1.46 and 1.02 mmHg) for PO2 and PCO2, respectively. We conclude that the variability in measurement of blood gas values among different blood gas analysers, although negligible, depends much more on inter- than intra-instrument variation, both for oxygen tension and carbon dioxide tension. Technical improvements and adequate quality control programmes, including tonometry, may explain why the variability in blood gas values depends mainly on errors in the pre-analytical phase.
    European Respiratory Journal 06/1997; 10(6):1341-4. · 6.36 Impact Factor

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