Alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase activity in mouse thymus and other lymphoid organs.
ABSTRACT Alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase (ANAE) reaction of mouse and rat thymus cells was studied. The majority of cells demonstrated ANAE in the form of multiple scattered granules. A reaction of this type appeared particularly labile, was found only when smears were fixed in formalin vapours and was inhibited by NaF. ANAE staining of thymus cells from mice of different ages was studied: the percentage of cells with single-spotted ANAE reaction was found to increase with age, while cells with granular scattered activity showed a progressive slight decrease. The percentage of ANAE positive cells in spleen appeared to be lower than in thymus, and showed only minor variations in different ages. In mouse and rat thymus and bowel lamina propria clusters of lymphocytes were found showing a sickle-shaped ANAE reaction, surrounding diffusely stained large cells which, on the basis of cytochemistry and phagocytosis ability, could be identified as macrophages. Analogous cell clusters were found in human tonsils and adenoids. These cell clusters were found to be similar to those formed by Ia-positive interdigitating cells which have been previously observed in human thymus, tonsils and bowel. The role of these clusters in the education process of lymphocytes is discussed.
Article: Primary polyoma virus-induced murine thymic epithelial tumors. A tumor model of thymus physiology.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Thymic tumors were induced in C3'/Bittner mice by neonatal inoculation with polyoma virus. The objective of this study was to identify the phenotypes of the cells within the tumors and to attempt to determine the origin of the neoplastic cell population(s). At the ultrastructural level, the neoplastic cells resembled normal thymic epithelium with tonofilaments and desmosomes. Immunoperoxidase staining demonstrated the presence of cytokeratin, Iak, -beta 2-microglobulin, -asialo-GM1, the thymic cortical epithelial marker ER-TR4, and the medullary epithelial marker ER-TR5. Islands of normal cortical thymocytes supported by residual normal cortical epithelium and acid phosphatase-positive cortical macrophages were interspersed in the tumors. Residual islands of normal medullary architecture with nonspecific esterase-positive IDCs were rarely identified in tumors. Most lymphocytes in the tumors were normal immature cortical thymocytes with the phenotype Tdt+, PNA+, Thy 1.2bright, Ly-1dull, H-2Kkdull, ThB+, J11d+, and Lyt-2+L3T4+. Lymphocytes in the tumors were steroid-sensitive like normal thymocytes. The proportions of Lyt-2+L3T4- and Lyt-2-L3T4+ cells were generally larger in the tumors than in normal thymus and reflected the higher frequency of lymphocytes in the tumors capable of proliferating in vitro in response to Con A plus IL-2. The data were consistent with the hypothesis that the neoplasia originates from thymic epithelium that is interspersed with normal, developing thymic lymphocytes.American Journal Of Pathology 11/1989; 135(4):679-95. · 4.89 Impact Factor