Relationship of drug of choice, race, and crime to entry in drug abuse treatment.
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ABSTRACT: This study examined whether ethnic differences exist in access to care, receipt of services, and associated outcomes of 1,057 offenders participating in California's Proposition 36. Data are based on intake and 3-month follow-up interviews conducted as part of a multisite prospective treatment outcome study. Logistic regressions were conducted to examine ethnicity and other predictors of treatment placement and services intensity. Across ethnic groups, services intensity in several domains was inadequately matched to need, and few services besides substance abuse treatment were provided. Blacks and Hispanics received alcohol and employment services that were not commensurate with their greater need. Although Blacks were more likely to be placed in residential programs, their employment status worsened from intake to follow-up. There were few other ethnic differences in outcomes. Assessing and eliminating ethnic-associated differences in health service delivery, even as moderate as our findings revealed, may improve program processes and outcomes.Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 01/2008; 33(4):391-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2007.02.005 · 3.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study describes utilization of drug abuse treatment and related perceptions among African American, Hispanic, and Anglo drug-using arrestees in Los Angeles. The study extends prior research by, first, describing ethnic variation in treatment utilization through analyses that control for nonethnic demographic factors and by, second, exploring the degree to which ethnicity is related to two predisposing factors (attitude toward treatment and perceived need) and two enabling factors (perceived cost and availability). After nonethnic demographic factors and past drug dependence are controlled, African American and Hispanic drug users in Los Angeles are less likely to report having been in drug abuse treatment. Hispanic drug users are more likely than Anglos to say that they have not sought treatment because they do not need it. African American drug users are more likely than Anglos to hold unfavorable views of treatment.The Journal of Mental Health Administration 02/1992; 19(3):268-77. DOI:10.1007/BF02518991
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ABSTRACT: This paper describes a culturally congruent intervention to promote recovery from illegal drug use among African Americans and reports initial outcomes. The intervention was based on the transtheoretical stages-of-change model and on techniques of focused dyadic counseling and motivational interviewing. Subjects were randomly assigned to the culturally congruent intervention or to a control condition. Each condition featured a single counseling session during which drug-related and other needs were assessed and appropriate referrals offered. Posttest data indicated that subjects in the culturally congruent condition were more involved in the counseling session, more willing to self-disclose, more motivated to seek help for drug-use-associated problems, and higher on preparation for change.Substance Use & Misuse 08/1999; 34(9):1223-41. DOI:10.3109/10826089909039406 · 1.23 Impact Factor