Relationship of drug of choice, race, and crime to entry in drug abuse treatment.

Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.44). 05/1981; 48(2):486. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1981.48.2.486
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes a culturally congruent intervention to promote recovery from illegal drug use among African Americans and reports initial outcomes. The intervention was based on the transtheoretical stages-of-change model and on techniques of focused dyadic counseling and motivational interviewing. Subjects were randomly assigned to the culturally congruent intervention or to a control condition. Each condition featured a single counseling session during which drug-related and other needs were assessed and appropriate referrals offered. Posttest data indicated that subjects in the culturally congruent condition were more involved in the counseling session, more willing to self-disclose, more motivated to seek help for drug-use-associated problems, and higher on preparation for change.
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    ABSTRACT: To examine differences in drug treatment service needs, utilization, satisfaction, and outcomes between Hispanic and white methamphetamine (meth) abusers. Intake assessments and follow-up interviews of 128 Hispanic and 371 non-Hispanic white meth abusers admitted during 2000-2001 to 43 drug treatment programs in 13 counties across California. A prospective longitudinal study comparing ethnic differences in problem severity during pre- and posttreatment periods, as well as in services received during treatment. The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) was administered at both intake and the 9-month follow-up to assess clients' problem severity in a number of domains. Service utilization and satisfaction were assessed 3 months following treatment admission. Hispanics were less educated and reported more employment difficulties than whites. Whites were more likely to be treated in residential programs than Hispanics despite similar severity in drug and alcohol use, legal, medical and family/social problems, and psychiatric status. Significantly more whites than Hispanics received psychiatric services, likely because more of them were treated in residential programs. Whites also reported receiving greater numbers of total services and services addressing alcohol and psychiatric problems. While no ethnic differences were found in treatment satisfaction and several other outcomes, Hispanics demonstrated better family and social outcomes than whites. Both Hispanic and white meth abusers improved after treatment, although benefits from treatment can be further enhanced if services underscore different facets of their psychosocial problems.
    Health Services Research 09/2006; 41(4 Pt 1):1242-57. · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study describes utilization of drug abuse treatment and related perceptions among African American, Hispanic, and Anglo drug-using arrestees in Los Angeles. The study extends prior research by, first, describing ethnic variation in treatment utilization through analyses that control for nonethnic demographic factors and by, second, exploring the degree to which ethnicity is related to two predisposing factors (attitude toward treatment and perceived need) and two enabling factors (perceived cost and availability). After nonethnic demographic factors and past drug dependence are controlled, African American and Hispanic drug users in Los Angeles are less likely to report having been in drug abuse treatment. Hispanic drug users are more likely than Anglos to say that they have not sought treatment because they do not need it. African American drug users are more likely than Anglos to hold unfavorable views of treatment.
    The Journal of Mental Health Administration 02/1992; 19(3):268-77.