Relationship of Drug of Choice, Race, and Crime to Entry in Drug Abuse Treatment

Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.53). 05/1981; 48(2):486. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1981.48.2.486
Source: PubMed
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    • "Some studies indicate that minority groups, compared to Whites, experience better or equal access to and utilization of treatment services (Daley, 2005; Niv and Hser, 2006; Yang et al., 2006), with an over-representation of minorities in some substance abuse treatment programs (De La Rosa et al., 1990; Desmond and Maddux, 1984; Hanson, 1985; Jung, 2000; Kopstein and Roth, 1990; SAMHSA, 2002; Schmidt and Weisner, 1993; Yang et al., 2006). Other evidence indicates ethnic disparities do occur, with minorities experiencing reduced access to drug treatment (Little, 1981; Lundgren et al., 2001; Rhodes et al., 1990; Robles et al., 2003; Rounsaville and Kleber, 1985; Wu et al., 2004; Wu et al., 2003), fewer services (Wells et al., 2001), shorter treatment stays (Agosti et al., 1996; Evans et al., 2006; Longshore et al., 2004; McCaul et al., 2001; Milligan et al., 2004), or no substance abuse treatment services at all (Longshore et al., 1992). Despite mixed findings on ethnic differences in the drug treatment literature, researchers increasingly agree that minority groups experience more persistent and severe drug addiction, greater harmful consequences such as an increased rate of infectious diseases (e.g., HIV) related to intravenous drug use , and a higher prevalence of morbidity and mortality (Cooper et al., 2005; Demetriades et al., 2004; Friedman et al., 1987; Galea et al., 2003; Harlow, 1990; Kochanek et al., 2004; National Center for Health Statistics, 2004a, b; Prendergast et al., 1998; SAMHSA, 2003; Tardiff et al., 1989). "
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