Article

Skeletal blood flow: implications for bone-scan interpretation.

Journal of Nuclear Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.77). 02/1980; 21(1):91-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The dispersion of the skeleton throughout the body and its complex vascular anatomy require indirect methods for the measurement of skeletal blood flow. The results of one such method, compartmental analysis of skeletal tracer kinetics, are presented. The assumptions underlying the models were tested in animals and found to be in agreement with experimental observations. Based upon the models and the experimental results, inferences concerning bone-scan interpretation can be drawn: decreased cardiac output produces low-contrast ("technically poor") scans; decreased skeletal flow produces "photon-deficient" lesions; increase of cardiac output or of generalized systemic blood flow is undetectable 1--2 hr after dose; increased local skeletal blood flow results from disturbance of the bone microvasculature and can occur from neurologic (sympatholytic) disorders or in association with focal abnormalities that also incite the formation of reactive bone (e.g., metastasis, fracture, etc.). Mathematical solutions of tracer kinetic data thus become relevant to bone-scan interpretation.

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