Skeletal blood flow: implications for bone-scan interpretation.

Journal of Nuclear Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.56). 02/1980; 21(1):91-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The dispersion of the skeleton throughout the body and its complex vascular anatomy require indirect methods for the measurement of skeletal blood flow. The results of one such method, compartmental analysis of skeletal tracer kinetics, are presented. The assumptions underlying the models were tested in animals and found to be in agreement with experimental observations. Based upon the models and the experimental results, inferences concerning bone-scan interpretation can be drawn: decreased cardiac output produces low-contrast ("technically poor") scans; decreased skeletal flow produces "photon-deficient" lesions; increase of cardiac output or of generalized systemic blood flow is undetectable 1--2 hr after dose; increased local skeletal blood flow results from disturbance of the bone microvasculature and can occur from neurologic (sympatholytic) disorders or in association with focal abnormalities that also incite the formation of reactive bone (e.g., metastasis, fracture, etc.). Mathematical solutions of tracer kinetic data thus become relevant to bone-scan interpretation.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 55-yr-old woman with Budd-Chiari syndrome was treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with a balloon catheter. Before and after treatment, portal scintigraphy was performed by the administration of [123I]iodoamphetamine per os and per rectum. An enteric capsule was used for the oral administration. Before treatment, the portal shunt index via the superior mesenteric vein was 40.5%; two weeks after treatment, it was 50.2%; and five months after treatment, it was 41.2%. Before treatment, the portal shunt index via the inferior mesenteric vein was 86.0%; two weeks after treatment, it was 87.6%; and five months after treatment, it was 21.8%. The treatment improved the portal circulation through the inferior mesenteric vein only, with little effect on the portal circulation through the superior mesenteric vein.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 06/1992; 33(5):744-7. · 5.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The correlation of technetium-99m-HMDP bone scintigraphic findings, serum osteocalcin as a measure of bone turnover and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and/or prostate acid phosphatase (PAP) was determined in 19 men with bone metastasis due to prostatic carcinoma. Six of the 19 patients with metastases on bone scan showed elevation of osteocalcin. These patients had extensive metastatic disease. All 19 men with positive bone scans had high serum PSA and/or PAP levels. Serum osteocalcin measurement is less sensitive to detection of bone deposits than PSA/PAP measurements (p less than 0.0008).
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 10/1990; 31(9):1486-9. · 5.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Unilateral arthritis of the knee was induced in mongrel puppies by intra-articular injections of 1% Carragheenan. Bone metabolism was studied by a scintimetric technique on static 99mTc-diphosphonate bone scans every 2nd week during the induction of arthritis for 3 months and monthly in a postarthritic phase of another 3 months. Changes in uptake of radionuclide were present after 2 weeks. The induction phase was characterized by a decreased uptake in the calcification layer of the juxta-articular growth plates and a moderately increased epiphyseal uptake. The postarthritic phase was characterized by normalization of growth plate uptake and a marked increase in epiphyseal uptake. Using contact autoradiography, the epiphyseal uptake was seen mainly in a narrow subchondral and subsynovial bone layer, around bone cysts and osteophytes, whereas central epiphyseal bone was osteopenic with decreased uptake of tracer. The study suggests that the early scintigraphic appearance of juvenile non-suppurative arthritis may be an overall decrease in uptake of 99mTc-diphosphonate due to a depression of growth plate metabolism.
    Acta Orthopaedica 01/1986; 57(4):299-304. · 2.45 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from