[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been observed that enlargement of perihepatic lymph nodes may be seen in patients with chronic hepatitis B, particularly during acute flares of CHB. We hypothesized that there may be a correlation between the nodal change patterns in CHB patients with acute flare and HBeAg status. Perihepatic lymph node sizes of 87 patients with acute flares of CHB were documented, with a median follow up of 43 months. Patients were separated into 3 groups, HBeAg-positive with HBe seroconversion (group 1), HBeAg-positive without HBe seroconversion (group 2), and HBeAg-negative (group 3). Group 1 has the highest incidence of enlarged lymph nodes (92.3%) compared with group 2 (75.8%) and group 3 (46.8%) (p = 0.003). And if nodal width at acute flare was > 8mm and interval change of nodal width was >3mm, the incidence of HBeAg seroconversion will be 75% (p<0.001).
Larger perihepatic lymph nodes are seen in CHB acute flare patients with positive HBeAg and the magnitude of nodal width change may predict HBeAg seroconversion at recovery.
PLoS ONE 02/2015; 10(2):e0117590. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117590 · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the Okinawa Islands, the great majority of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers have already acquired antibody to hepatitis Be antigen (anti-HBe) by the age of 30 years (preliminary cross-sectional data). To elucidate natural seroconversion from hepatitis Be antigen (HBeAg) to anti-HBe among HBsAg carriers found in the islands of Okinawa Prefecture, 34 HBeAg-positive HBsAg carriers were followed for 1–6 years with serial measurements of aminotransferase levels, HBeAg, and anti-HBe. The 34 subjects included 24 patients with chronic hepatitis (group 1) and ten asymptomatic HBsAg carriers (group 2). During the follow-up period, HBeAg disappeared from 14 subjects in group 1 with the cumulative clearance rate of HBeAg of 56.3% within the first 2 years and with 10 of the 14 subsequently developing anti-HBe. Moreover, the aminotransferases in 12 of the 14 spontaneously seroconverted fell into the normal range. The annual clearance rates of HBeAg among group 1 and group 2 were 25.6% and 9.3%, respectively. The tendency for early disappearance of HBeAg during a carrier's life time or in the course of chronic hepatitis may lead to the low death rate from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) particularly HCC associated with hepatitis B virus infection in this area.
Journal of Medical Virology 06/1991; 34(2):122 - 126. DOI:10.1002/jmv.1890340210 · 2.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two distinct serologic types of chronic hepatitis B have been identified, namely the "classical" HBeAg positive form and the "atypical" HBeAg negative, anti-HBe positive variant which is due to infection by a mutant HBV having a pre-core stop codon that makes the virus unable to produce HBeAg. The anti-HBe positive form is currently the prevalent type of chronic hepatitis B in the Mediterranean area, being associated with a more severe clinical course compared to HBeAg positive cases. The response to interferon therapy in patients with anti-HBe positive chronic hepatitis B has been recently investigated in control trials. These studies have shown that normalization of ALT with efficient suppression of virus activity can be achieved in 50-80% of patients while treated with interferon alpha indicating that also the pre-core mutant of HBV is sensitive to the antiviral effect of interferon. However, reactivation of hepatitis occurs in a variable percentage of initial responders when interferon is stopped. The probability of reactivation increases when the disease is of long duration, when cirrhosis is present and particularly if the pre-core mutant of HBV has become the predominant type of circulating virus, indicating that this HBV variant is more resistant to immunoclearance compared to wild type HBV.
Antiviral Research 08/1994; 24(2-3):145-53. DOI:10.1016/0166-3542(94)90063-9 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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