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    ABSTRACT: It has been observed that enlargement of perihepatic lymph nodes may be seen in patients with chronic hepatitis B, particularly during acute flares of CHB. We hypothesized that there may be a correlation between the nodal change patterns in CHB patients with acute flare and HBeAg status. Perihepatic lymph node sizes of 87 patients with acute flares of CHB were documented, with a median follow up of 43 months. Patients were separated into 3 groups, HBeAg-positive with HBe seroconversion (group 1), HBeAg-positive without HBe seroconversion (group 2), and HBeAg-negative (group 3). Group 1 has the highest incidence of enlarged lymph nodes (92.3%) compared with group 2 (75.8%) and group 3 (46.8%) (p = 0.003). And if nodal width at acute flare was > 8mm and interval change of nodal width was >3mm, the incidence of HBeAg seroconversion will be 75% (p<0.001). Conclusion Larger perihepatic lymph nodes are seen in CHB acute flare patients with positive HBeAg and the magnitude of nodal width change may predict HBeAg seroconversion at recovery.
    PLoS ONE 02/2015; 10(2):e0117590. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117590 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the Okinawa Islands, the great majority of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers have already acquired antibody to hepatitis Be antigen (anti-HBe) by the age of 30 years (preliminary cross-sectional data). To elucidate natural seroconversion from hepatitis Be antigen (HBeAg) to anti-HBe among HBsAg carriers found in the islands of Okinawa Prefecture, 34 HBeAg-positive HBsAg carriers were followed for 1–6 years with serial measurements of aminotransferase levels, HBeAg, and anti-HBe. The 34 subjects included 24 patients with chronic hepatitis (group 1) and ten asymptomatic HBsAg carriers (group 2). During the follow-up period, HBeAg disappeared from 14 subjects in group 1 with the cumulative clearance rate of HBeAg of 56.3% within the first 2 years and with 10 of the 14 subsequently developing anti-HBe. Moreover, the aminotransferases in 12 of the 14 spontaneously seroconverted fell into the normal range. The annual clearance rates of HBeAg among group 1 and group 2 were 25.6% and 9.3%, respectively. The tendency for early disappearance of HBeAg during a carrier's life time or in the course of chronic hepatitis may lead to the low death rate from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) particularly HCC associated with hepatitis B virus infection in this area.
    Journal of Medical Virology 06/1991; 34(2):122 - 126. DOI:10.1002/jmv.1890340210 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two distinct serologic types of chronic hepatitis B have been identified, namely the "classical" HBeAg positive form and the "atypical" HBeAg negative, anti-HBe positive variant which is due to infection by a mutant HBV having a pre-core stop codon that makes the virus unable to produce HBeAg. The anti-HBe positive form is currently the prevalent type of chronic hepatitis B in the Mediterranean area, being associated with a more severe clinical course compared to HBeAg positive cases. The response to interferon therapy in patients with anti-HBe positive chronic hepatitis B has been recently investigated in control trials. These studies have shown that normalization of ALT with efficient suppression of virus activity can be achieved in 50-80% of patients while treated with interferon alpha indicating that also the pre-core mutant of HBV is sensitive to the antiviral effect of interferon. However, reactivation of hepatitis occurs in a variable percentage of initial responders when interferon is stopped. The probability of reactivation increases when the disease is of long duration, when cirrhosis is present and particularly if the pre-core mutant of HBV has become the predominant type of circulating virus, indicating that this HBV variant is more resistant to immunoclearance compared to wild type HBV.
    Antiviral Research 08/1994; 24(2-3):145-53. DOI:10.1016/0166-3542(94)90063-9 · 3.43 Impact Factor