Thyroid-induced mania in hypothyroid patients.

The British Journal of Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 6.61). 10/1980; 137:222-8. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.137.3.222
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This retrospective study, based on 18 case reports, describes an organic affective syndrome, manic type, occurring shortly after the initiation of thyroid replacement in hypothyroid patients. The symptomatology and homogeneity of the syndrome offers insight into the relationship between thyroid activity and affective disturbance. The patients experiencing mania showed concurrent psychopathology at the time of replacement therapy, frequently had a past history of personal or familial psychiatric disorder and were given dosages in the high range of normal. The potential morbidity of the manic state was considerable. These findings suggest that a group of hypothyroid patients at risk can be identified. In such a group, lower initial dosages and gradual increases in dosage may be indicated.

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    ABSTRACT: The current literature variedly ascribes depressive and manic symptoms to hypo- and hyperthyroid state, respectively, reporting mania in hypothyroidism as an unusual entity. More unusual is precipitation of manic state in hypothyroid subjects after thyroxine supplementation for which studies report otherwise treating manic symptoms in hypothyroid state with thyroxine. We report a case of a patient whose acute mania appears to have been precipitated by thyroxine supplementation in hypothyroidism state. This case underscores the importance of thyroid screening in patients with mood and psychotic disorders, as well as the potency of thyroxine in producing manic symptoms.
    Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism. 01/2013; 17(5):922-923.
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