An evaluation of the role of polyamines in different models of kidney hypertrophy in mice.
ABSTRACT The role of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and polyamines in kidney hypertrophy is controversial. Since part of this controversy could be related to differences in the model system used by the different authors, we studied the changes in renal ODC and polyamines in six different models of kidney hypertrophy in mice, including compensatory renal hypertrophy produced by unilateral nephrectomy, experimental diabetes, potassium depletion and treatment with hormones such as testosterone, thyroxine and fluorocortisone. Only in the case of renal hypertrophy produced by testosterone administration was there a significant increase in ODC activity and putrescine content in the kidneys. However, the concomitant treatment with difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an irreversible inhibitor of ODC, as a 2% solution in the drinking water completely abolished the increase of renal ODC, but the kidney weights increased and other androgenic effects, such as the induction of renal beta-glucuronidase, were not affected. Moreover, DFMO-treatment did not prevent the kidney enlargement produced in other types of hypertrophy, even in the cases associated with hyperplasia. The present results support the premise that, at least in mice, the increase in ODC activity and polyamine biosynthesis is not required for kidney growth, and also that in most cases renal enlargement is not accompanied by any increase in the polyamine content.
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ABSTRACT: Cyclic nucleotide metabolism was investigated in growing kidneys of rats during compensatory hypertrophy and during neonatal development. After unilateral nephrectomy a mild and short-lasting decrease in cyclic 3':5" adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) was observed in the hypertrophying kidney. In contrast, cyclic 3':5' guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) showed a sharp decline to 20% of control at 15 min and a rapid rise to 200-300% above base-line at 1-72 hr. The alterations in renal tissue levels of cGMP were associated with parallel changes in the soluble, 100,000 X g supernatant guanylate cyclase activity [GTP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing): EC 188.8.131.52]. No change was observed in total cGMP phosphodiesterase (3':5'-cyclic-nucleotide 5'-nucleotidohydrolase; EC 184.108.40.206). In the rapidly growing kidney of newborn rats cAMP levels were 983 +/- 65 and 833 +/- 42 pmol/g of kidney at 4 and 7 days after birth, and increased to adult levels (1518 +/- 57 pmol/g) at 21 days whereas cGMP levels were 59.8 +/- 6.8 and 92.5 +/- 13.9 pmol/g at 4 and 7 days and decreased to adult levels (36 +/- 1.5) at 21 days. The results indicate that compensatory renal hypertrophy and neonatal kidney growth are associated with changes in cAMP and cGMP metabolism.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 03/1976; 73(2):524-8. · 9.74 Impact Factor
- American Journal Of Pathology 08/1966; 49(1):1-13. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the testosterone-induced hypertrophic and antifolate (N10-propargyl,5,6-dideazafolic acid, CB 3717)-induced hyperplastic mouse kidney models, a marked increase of two diamine levels--putrescine and cadaverine--occurred which paralleled induced ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity. Under these conditions the augmentation of spermidine levels was much smaller, while spermine levels were affected differentially--increased by testosterone and decreased by CB 3717; this resulted in an increase of spermidine/spermine ratio in hyperplastic, but not hypertrophic kidney. alpha-Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) prevented testosterone- or CB 3717-induced increment of both diamine levels. Spermidine and spermine depletion in response to DFMO was significant in hyperplastic kidney only. DFMO also significantly affected the other biochemical markers of hyperplasia, namely lowered CB 3717-induced cell proliferation rate and increased S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC) activity. In contrast, testosterone-induced hypertrophy was not influenced by DFMO, as judged by the lack of its effect on S-adenosylmethionine synthetase and cystathionine and synthase activity. These results indicate that the increase of putrescine levels does not mediate testosterone-induced renal hypertrophy and possibly also antifolate-induced hyperplasia. The involvement of spermidine in mediation of renal hyperplasia is highly possible, while that of spermine is excluded.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 10/1993; 1182(2):133-41. · 4.66 Impact Factor