Staging of breast cancer with MR imaging.
ABSTRACT The vastly improved sensitivity of new MR methods can be used to define disease within the breast that cannot be seen with conventional breast imaging methods. Breast MR imaging is expected to have a significant role for the staging of breast cancer in breast conservation candidates. Ultimately, breast MR will be integrated with interstitial laser photocoagulation as a treatment method for breast cancer.
Article: Tips and techniques in breast MRI.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The standard breast MRI protocol includes T2 sequences (anatomy and signal analysis), T1 gradient-echo sequences which can detect markers placed after biopsy, and injected dynamic 3D sequences for performing volume and multiplanar reconstructions, which are particularly useful for locating lesions well. Good patient positioning is essential and is obtained by using foam wedges for small breasts, ensuring there are no folds, and the correct position of the nipples. These aspects limit movement artefacts which alter subtraction sequences, so that it must always be possible for reading these sequences to be assisted by comparing them with the native sequences. New functional imaging sequences are now appearing in an attempt to increase the specificity of MRI, which is one of its main limitations. Of these, magnetic resonance spectroscopy appears to be the most promising, highlighting an abnormal choline peak in malignant lesions. This molecular signature provides early information (24hours after beginning neoadjuvant treatment) on the chemosensitivity of a breast tumour.10/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.diii.2012.06.004
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ABSTRACT: The use of preoperative breast magnetic resonance imaging (bMRI) for patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer has been criticized for increasing the number of therapeutic mastectomies performed, as well as increasing the cost of treatment. The purpose of this report is to examine one surgeon's practice and to describe the MRI findings for patients with breast cancer to determine if those findings changed the therapeutic options for those patients in. Data were collected prospectively between August 2003 and January 2006 for patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer. Diagnoses were made by core biopsy or fine-needle aspiration; all lesions were intact at the time of MRI. Twenty-five percent of patients were found to have previously occult, but suspicious lesions on MRI that required additional diagnostic evaluation, including ultrasound, core biopsy, excisional biopsy, or any combination; for approximately half of these patients a separate cancer was confirmed. For most of these patients, the new lesion was ipsilateral and multicentric, and most required mastectomy. For the remaining 75% of patients, MRI confirmed the index lesion was the only area of concern, and appropriate surgical treatment was completed. Preoperative bMRI for patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer identified previously occult and separate tumors in 13% of patients, resulting in surgical treatment change for many.The Breast Journal 07/2009; 15(1):52-60. DOI:10.1111/j.1524-4741.2008.00671.x · 1.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The implementation of new treatment protocols for locally advanced breast cancer is currently limited by inaccurate evaluation of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A recently developed dedicated breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method (RODEO MRI) was evaluated as a tool for determining tumor response and extent of residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Thirty-nine patients with Stage II, III, or IV breast carcinoma were prospectively evaluated prior to and following neoadjuvant chemotherapy by MRI, physical examination, and mammography. Assessment of response determined by the three methods was compared. In addition, detailed pathologic correlation of residual disease was determined by serial sectioning of 31 mastectomy specimens from 30 patients. Nine patients had breast conservation, and were included in the response evaluation only. Estimates of tumor response were made by both surgical and medical oncologists. Independent interpretations of MRI studies without knowledge of clinical response were made by three radiologists. The surgical oncologists assessed complete response (CR), partial response (PR), and no response (NR) in 11, 22, and 7 cases, respectively. The medical oncologists assessed CR, PR, and NR in 12, 21, and 7 cases, respectively. The surgical and medical oncologists' clinical assessment of response agreed with the results of MRI in 52% and 55% of cases, respectively, and with each other in 30 of 40 cases (75%). Mammography correlated with MRI response in only 52% of cases. However, MRI accurately predicted the pathologic determination of residual disease in 30 of 31 cases (97%). There was no disagreement in the assessments of residual disease or response among the three radiologists. RODEO breast MRI accurately estimates residual disease after induction chemotherapy. It assesses response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy better than traditional methods of physical examination or mammography. The information obtained from this MRI technique may be used as an objective tool during clinical trials, and to select patients better for breast conservation after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced disease.Cancer 07/1996; 78(1):91-100. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19960701)78:1<91::AID-CNCR14>3.0.CO;2-2 · 4.90 Impact Factor