Staging of breast cancer with MR imaging.
ABSTRACT The vastly improved sensitivity of new MR methods can be used to define disease within the breast that cannot be seen with conventional breast imaging methods. Breast MR imaging is expected to have a significant role for the staging of breast cancer in breast conservation candidates. Ultimately, breast MR will be integrated with interstitial laser photocoagulation as a treatment method for breast cancer.
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ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of breast-conserving surgery for patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is still a controversial issue, and variable incidences of locoregional failures have been reported. The present study was conducted to pathologically assess the response of LABC to NACT, and also to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative clinical examination and mammography in detecting these pathological changes. A total of 38 patients with LABC received NACT in the form of three cycles of fluorouracil/adriamycin/cyclophosphamide and were then subjected to a mastectomy. The residual tumors in the mastectomy specimens were measured, mapped, and compared to the pretreatment and preoperative clinical and mammographic findings for evaluation. An objective response to NACT was observed in 70.4% of the patients; however, only 26.7% of them were suitable candidates for conservative surgery. The rest of the responders showed an increased incidence of multifocality and in situ lesions localized within the original tumor-bearing area. Both clinical examinations and mammography were inadequate for the selection of candidates for breast conservation. Tumor regression by NACT is probably induced by a process of tumor segmentation. It is also associated with an increased incidence of multifocality and in situ lesions.Surgery Today 02/2000; 30(3):249-54. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The application of breast conserving surgery to down-staged cases with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is still a controversial issue with a variable incidence of locoregional failures. In this study, the response of LABC to NACT was assessed pathologically and the eligible candidates for breast conserving surgery were identified retrospectively. The efficacy of preoperative clinical examination and mammography in detecting these pathological changes were also evaluated. The study included 41 LABC cases. They received NACT (FAC) and were then subjected to a mastectomy. The cases were examined clinically and by mammography before starting treatment and immediately before surgery. Residual tumours in the mastectomy specimens were correlated with the pretreatment and preoperative clinical and mammographic findings in order to assess the efficacy of these tools for detection of NACT-induced changes. After 3 cycles of NACT, 78% of women showed an objective response. However, only 25% of them would have been eligible for breast conserving surgery. The remaining responders had an increased incidence of either multifocality and or peritumoural in situ carcinoma. Both clinical examination and mammography were inadequate for detection of these chemotherapy-induced changes and hence for selecting suitable candidates for breast conservation. This study has shown that tumour regression by NACT is probably induced by a process of tumour segmentation and is associated with an increased incidence of ductal in situ lesions in the original tumour bearing area.The Breast 01/2000; 8(6):315-9. · 2.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to become a useful adjunct in breast imaging. Contrast-enhanced breast MRI has demonstrated a high sensitivity in the detection of invasive breast cancer. In clinical studies, breast MRI has often altered the course of patient care. Although promising results have been generated, MRI of the breast is currently in a development stage. The authors reviewed the literature on the potential indications, sensitivity, specificity, and limitations of MRI of the breast. Reported advantages of MRI of the breast over conventional imaging techniques include improved staging and treatment planning, enhanced evaluation of the augmented breast, better detection of recurrence, and improved screening of high-risk women. Contrast-enhanced breast MRI is a sensitive modality for detecting breast cancer, but its variable specificity is a major limitation. MRI of the breast is emerging as a valuable adjunct to mammography and sonography for specific clinical indications. Additional clinical studies that define indications, interpretation criteria, imaging parameters, and cost effectiveness are needed. A multi-institutional study designed to address these issues is in progress.Cancer control: journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center 8(5):399-406. · 3.59 Impact Factor