Hepatoprotective activity of carrot (Daucus carota L.) against carbon tetrachloride intoxication in mouse liver.
ABSTRACT The effect of carrot extract on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver damage was evaluated. The increased serum enzyme levels (viz., glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, sorbitol and glutamate dehydrogenase) by CCl4-induction were significantly lowered due to pretreatment with the extract. The extract also decreased the elevated serum bilirubin and urea content due to CCl4 administration. Increased activities of hepatic 5'-nucleotidase, acid phosphatase, acid ribonuclease and decreased levels of succinic dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphatase and cytochrome P-450 produced by CCl4 were reversed by the extract in a dose-responsive way. Results of this study revealed that carrot could afford a significant protective action in the alleviation of CCl4-induced hepatocellular injury.
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ABSTRACT: ENA Actimineral Resource A (ENA-A) is alkaline water that is composed of refined edible cuttlefish bone and two different species of seaweed, Phymatolithon calcareum and Lithothamnion corallioides. In the present study, ENA-A was investigated as an antioxidant to protect against CCl(4)-induced oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in rats. Liver injury was induced by either subacute or chronic CCl(4) administration, and the rats had free access to tap water mixed with 0% (control group) or 10% (v/v) ENA-A for 5 or 8 weeks. The results of histological examination and measurement of antioxidant activity showed that the reactive oxygen species production, lipid peroxidation, induction of CYP2E1 were decreased and the antioxidant activity, including glutathione and catalase production, was increased in the ENA-A groups as compared with the control group. On 2-DE gel analysis of the proteomes, 13 differentially expressed proteins were obtained in the ENA-A groups as compared with the control group. Antioxidant proteins, including glutathione S-transferase, kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1, and peroxiredoxin 1, were increased with hepatocyte nuclear factor 3-beta and serum albumin precursor, and kininogen precursor decreased more in the ENA-A groups than compared to the control group. In conclusion, our results suggest that ENA-A does indeed have some protective capabilities against CCl(4)-induced liver injury through its antioxidant function.Marine Biotechnology 10/2010; 13(3):462-73. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The protective effects of lotus germ oil on liver and kidney damage by carbon tetrachloride-induced chronic hepatotoxicity in mice, PC-12 cells, and DNA damage were investigated. The mice were treated orally with lotus germ oil or dl-α-tocopherol after administration CCl(4) for 49 consecutive days. The levels of key antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and the concentration of glutathione (GSH), as well as the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA), an indicator of lipid peroxidation, were determined in homogenates of the liver and the kidney. The pathological histology of the liver was also examined. The activities of SOD, CAT, and the concentration of GSH were increased significantly (p<0.05-0.01) after treated with lotus germ oil in a concentration-dependent manner. Whereas, the content of the peroxidation product MDA were decreased significantly (p<0.05), similar to the serum levels of hepatic enzyme biomarkers (alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase). Furthermore, lotus germ oil could inhibit the conversion of super-coiled pBR322 plasmid DNA to the open circular form and apoptosis of hydrogen peroxide-induced PC-12 cells. The result of this study suggested that the lotus germ oil could be recognized as powerful "functional oil" against oxidative stress.Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 02/2012; 50(5):1447-53. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study is to explore the optimal extraction parameters and liver protective effect of the polygonatum polysaccharides in vivo. The order of factor effects on polysaccharides production was found to be Extraction time (min, A)>Ratio of solvent to solid (C)>Extraction temperature (°C, B)>Extraction number (D). The results show that the effects of Extraction time (min, A) and Ratio of solvent to solid (C) were more significant than those of the other factors. Optimal extraction parameters were as followings: extraction time 120min, extraction temperature 100°C, ratio of solvent to solid 5, and extraction number 4. Polygonatum polysaccharides was administered orally at doses of 150, 300 and 450mg/(kg day) to carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-treated rats. Results showed that administration of polygonatum polysaccharides could increase rats' final body weight, liver antioxidant enzymes activities (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione reductase (GR)), decrease serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities and liver malondialdehyde (MDA) level. The liver sections obtained from animals supplemented with polygonatum polysaccharides extract demonstrated reduced pathological damages, supporting that polygonatum polysaccharides extract could effectively decrease the toxicity of CCl(4). It can be concluded that polygonatum polysaccharides treatment may prevent CCl(4)-induced liver oxidative injury in experimental rats.International journal of biological macromolecules 12/2012; · 2.37 Impact Factor