[Infection with hepatitis B and C viruses in the mentally retarded].
ABSTRACT To study the prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) and the associated risk factors in an institution for the mentally retarded, in addition to its relation with hepatitis B infection (HBV).
The presence of antibodies against the HCV (anti-HCV) and markers for the HBV was evaluated in 94 mentally retarded subjects admitted to a single institution. Information concerning the sex, age, length of admission, type and degree of mental retardation, history of sexual promiscuity, surgery and blood transfusions was collected in every individual.
The prevalence of infection by HBV was 22.3%. Only one individual was detected as being positive for the HCV.
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ABSTRACT: In the past, preventive health concerning sexuality of people with intellectual disabilities was addressed through surgical sterilization as part of nationwide eugenic programs in many countries. For more than 30 years now, it has come progressively to light in the scientific literature that, besides major ethical and legal problems, these programs also failed to assess many of the individual's needs in sexual health. The fact that an increasing number of people with intellectual disabilities live in the community rather than in institutions has heightened public awareness that these individuals have sexual expectancies, desires, and needs that must be supported through both education and health services. The emergence of AIDS, including descriptions of cases among people with intellectual disabilities, has further demonstrated that surgical sterilization cannot be considered a global option to achieve preventive sexual health. The aim of this paper is to review scientific studies that have assessed the expectancies and support needs of persons with intellectual disabilities in terms of sexual health. These needs vary widely from one individual to another, according to life milieu, level of disability, and potential comorbidity. From this review, it appears that hygiene management, global gynecological care, and prevention of unplanned pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and abuse have been frequently identified as areas in which the presence of intellectual disability dictates specific support needs. Different approaches that have been evaluated to address these issues will also be discussed.Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 02/2006; 12(1):48-56. · 3.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: During the last decades, the expectancies towards sexual life of people with intellectual disability have been more and more recognized by researchers, clinicians, caregivers and parents. These expectancies, that largely depend on socio-cultural and personal factors, such as the level of disability, must be supported in order to help people with intellectual disability to reach the best quality of life as possible. Therefore, it is important to identify every patients and residents personal expectancies towards sexuality and which medical and educative support he/she needs according to his/her disability and co-morbidity. The aim of the present paper is to review the different research works conducted in this area.Salud publica de Mexico 02/2008; 50 Suppl 2:s230-8. · 0.94 Impact Factor