Effects of repeated administration of a high dose of methamphetamine on dopamine and glutamate release in rat striatum and nucleus accumbens.

Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
Brain Research (Impact Factor: 2.83). 05/1994; 643(1-2):276-81. DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(94)90033-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We examined effects of a high dose of methamphetamine (MA) (4.02 mg free base/kg, s.c., at 2-h intervals, 4 injections) on extracellular concentrations of monoamines such as dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and those of glutamate and other several amino acids in rat striatum (ST) and nucleus accumbens (NA) using in vivo microdialysis. Five days after the microdialysis, tissue concentrations of monoamines were measured. The toxic dose of MA markedly increased extracellular concentrations of DA, and decreased those of DOPAC, HVA and 5-HIAA in both ST and NA. Magnitude of the increase in DA release was not different between ST and NA. Extracellular concentrations of glutamate showed a gradual increase in ST, but not in NA, while other amino acids showed no changes in both ST and NA. Tissue concentrations of serotonin (5-HT) and 5-HIAA were decreased to 43-58% of control values in both ST and NA, whereas those of DA, DOPAC and HVA showed 43-54% decrease in ST but no changes in NA. These data suggest that the marked increase of DA release is not directly related to the MA-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity. The increase in glutamate release found only in ST may be related to the dopaminergic damage in ST. It may be that enhanced release in DA and glutamate act synergistically to cause the dopaminergic neurotoxicity in ST. However, enhancement in glutamate release did not appear to be essential for the MA-induced serotonergic neurotoxicity.

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