Article

Dynamics of EEG background activity level within quiet sleep in successive cycles in infants.

Dipartimento di Teoria, Storia e Ricerca Sociale, Università di Trento, Italy.
Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 02/1995; 94(1):6-11. DOI: 10.1016/0013-4694(94)00227-C
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We investigated in infants the emergence of the trends of the EEG synchronization throughout quiet sleep (QS) as a function of the QS rank. The night sleep of 3 groups with 6 subjects each (aged respectively 9-18 weeks, 21-47 weeks, and 16-45 years) was recorded. A parameter value reflecting the degree of synchronization of the EEG background activity for successive epochs was computed by automatic analysis. For each QS phase 3 indicators of the dynamics of the time course of the EEG parameter activity were determined: the range (difference between the EEG parameter value at the beginning of the QS episode and that at the trough), the trough latency (after QS onset), and the rate of synchronization (range/trough latency). The range and the trough latency increased with age, whereas the rate of synchronization decreased. The range and the rate of synchronization decreased in the successive cycles, whereas the trough latency increased. These results provide further support for the hypothesis of the early emergence of the process S mechanisms and suggest that the framework of the 2-process model could account also for the development of both the EEG background activity dynamics and the sleep-wake organization.

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