Flow cytometry crossmatching for solid organ transplantation.

Department of Pathology, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.
Methods in cell biology (Impact Factor: 1.44). 02/1994; 41:103-19.
Source: PubMed
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    Turkish Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 01/2010; 19(2):94-101.
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    ABSTRACT: Background. This study evaluated the prognostic impact of pretransplant donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies (DSA) detected by single-antigen beads and compared the three generations of crossmatch (XM) tests in kidney transplantation. Methods. Thirty-seven T-cell complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch (CXM) negative living donor kidney recipients with a retrospectively positive antihuman leukocyte antigen antibody screening assay were included. A single-antigen bead test, a flow cytometry XM, and a Luminex XM (LXM) were retrospectively performed, and the results were correlated with the occurrence of antibody-mediated rejections (AMRs) and graft function. Results. We found that (1) pretransplant DSA against class I (DSA-I), but not against class II, are predictive for AMR, resulting in a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 90% at a level of 900 mean fluorescence intensity (MFI); (2) with increasing strength of DSA-I, the sensitivity for AMR is decreasing to 50% and the specificity is increasing to 100% at 5200 MFI; (3) the LXM for class I, but not for class II, provides a higher accuracy than the flow cytometry XM and the B-cell CXM. The specificity of all XMs is increased greatly in combination with DSA-I values more than or equal to 900 MFI. Conclusions. In sensitized recipients, the best prediction of AMR and consecutively reduced graft function is delivered by DSA-I alone at high strength or by DSA-I at low strength in combination with the LXM or CXM.
    Transplantation 07/2010; 90(2):160-167. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study was designed to investigate the clinical relevance of donor-specific antibodies (DS-Abs) and their influence on graft survival. Among 106 patients who underwent cadaveric kidney donor transplantation and were monitored by flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM) during the 1st posttransplantation year, 25 (23.6%) resulted positive for DS-Ab production. During a 2-year follow up only 12 of the 81 FCXM-negative patients (14.8%) suffered rejection vs 17 of 25 FCXM-positive patients (68%; P = 0.00001). Correlating graft loss to DS-Ab production, 9 FCXM-positive patients lost the graft vs only 1 among the FCXM-negative patients. A worse graft function was evidenced in FCXM-positive subjects who had also suffered rejection episodes than in those which had acute rejection but did not produce DS-Abs. A high incidence of HLA-AB mismatches was found in FCXM-positive subjects which produced anti-class I antibodies. FCXM appears useful in estimating post-transplant alloimmune response. Moreover our findings confirm the harmful effects of anti-class IDS-Abs on long-term graft survival.
    Transplant International 02/2011; 13(S1):S439 - S443. · 3.16 Impact Factor