P-VEBEC: a new 8-weekly schedule with or without rG-CSF for elderly patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
ABSTRACT Chemotherapy regimens devised for elderly patients with intermediate-high grade NHL are a matter of discussion. The aim is to reduce general toxicity without loosing an antilymphoma effect. The most important limiting factor of chemotherapy is myelotoxicity; for this reason the use of growth factor may be useful in these patients.
From November '91 to November '92, 67 pts older than 65 years with intermediate-and high-grade advanced-stage NHL were treated with the P-VEBEC regimen, an original scheme with epirubicin 50 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 350 mg/m2 and etoposide 100 mg/m2 on weeks 1, 3, 5, 7; vinblastine 5 mg/m2 and bleomycin 5 mg/m2 on weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, prednisone 50 mg/m2/day p. os in the first 2 weeks and thereafter every other day. Twenty-eight pts received r-GSF 5 micrograms/kg/day throughout the treatment starting on day 2 of every week for 4 consecutive days. Their median age was 71 years (65-80), 31 pts were male and 36 female, histology according W.F. was D 6; E 17; F 16; G 19; H 9. Twenty-five percent of pts had B symptoms, 35% had bulky disease, 41% LDH level > normal, 44% stage IV and 26% had B.M. involvement.
C.R. was achieved by 66% of pts. Adverse prognostic factors for CR were E histology, stage IV, bone marrow infiltration and LDH above normal. Severe toxicity was never recorded, no toxic death was observed. With a median follow-up of 24 months OS, DFS and EFS were 55%, 52%, and 33%, respectively. EFS was influenced by stage, BM involvement and level of LDH. The relative dose intensity (RDI) was calculated by the method of Hryniuk and Bush. Patients who received rG-CSF had a significantly higher median RDI (94% vs 79%) and lower myelotoxicity (neutrophil nadir < 500 18% vs 56%). The rate of CR was influenced by RDI > 80% (89% vs 56%). EFS was also better in pts who received a RDI higher than 80% (50% vs 18% p = 0.05).
P-VEBEC is a feasible cycle in elderly patients; the use of rG-CSF improves RDI. In patients with adverse prognostic factors (BM involvement, poor performance status) a RDI > 0.80 could play a role in improving the outcome.
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ABSTRACT: The impact of different treatment modalities and prognostic factors on the clinical course of primary thyroid diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PTDLBCL) is still the subject of research. This study was conducted to clarify these clinical aspects of this disorder. The clinical parameters of 48 patients with PTDLBCL at time of diagnosis were comparable to those of previous studies. Patients underwent either radiotherapy (RT) ± surgery (SX), chemotherapy (CHT) alone or in combination with local treatments (RT or SX), or SX followed by CHT and RT. A 90% complete remission (CR) rate was observed among patients who underwent combined treatment modalities (CTM), compared to 76% among the others. The 5-year progression-free survival differed significantly between both groups (p = 0.028). Poor performance status and advanced age correlated with decreased survival. PTDLBCL is a curable disease prevalent in elderly patients. Combined treatment modalities were able to induce an elevated rate of CR, improving long-term survival in younger patients. However, the outcome in elderly patients still remains unsatisfactory.Leukemia & lymphoma 02/2011; 52(5):823-32. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We previously described the effectiveness of the THP-COP regimen comprising cyclophosphamide, pirarubicin (tetrahydropyranyl adriamycin; THP), vincristine and prednisolone in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The anthracycline drug THP was apparently less cardiotoxic than doxorubicin. However, that study was completed before rituximab was introduced into clinical practice. We conducted a phase II study to determine the effectiveness of a regimen incorporating rituximab (R-THP-COP) against DLBCL. Six to 8 courses of the regimen were administered every 2 weeks in 48 patients who were younger than 70 years. The complete remission rate was 92%, the 3-year overall survival rate was 83% and 3-year progression free survival rate was 74%. No deaths were associated with the treatment regimen. We conclude that R-THP-COP regimen is very effective against DLBCL. The results of our study urge randomized trials of R-CHOP and R-THP-COP among patients with CD20+ DLBCL.Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 08/2009; 136(1):65-70. · 2.91 Impact Factor