Carbohydrate specificity of IgM autoantibodies to CD45 in systemic lupus erythematosus.
ABSTRACT Patients with SLE develop IgM autoantibodies to different isoforms of CD45, the major surface membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase on lymphocytes and other nucleated hemopoietic cells. Because such autoantibodies could have a potential role in the development of immune dysfunction in this disorder, we performed a series of experiments to characterize their antigenic specificity further. Blots of recombinant E. coli fusion proteins encoded by exons 3-7 of the p220 and p180 isoforms were uniformly non-reactive with SLE IgM, suggesting that anti-CD45 autoantibodies in SLE are directed against conformational and/or carbohydrate epitopes, rather than linear polypeptide epitopes. This issue was examined further using chemically and enzymatically modified CD45 purified from T cells by lectin affinity chromatography as substrates. Treatment of CD45 with 25 mM sodium-m-periodate, sufficient to abrogate binding to various lectins, abolished the reactivity with SLE anti-CD45 autoantibodies. On the other hand, digestion of CD45 with neuraminidase enhanced the binding of anti-CD45 autoantibodies from some of the SLE sera. This result probably reflects decreased steric hindrance or charge repulsion because the binding of mouse monoclonal antibodies directed against linear polypeptide epitopes of CD45 was similarly enhanced. Digestion of CD45 with N-glycosidase F had no effect on autoantibody staining. Taken together, these data suggest that IgM anti-CD45 autoantibodies in SLE recognize non-sialylated carbohydrate determinants in the highly O-glycosylated polymorphic domains of CD45.
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ABSTRACT: To determine the specificity of anti-CD45 autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) for native CD45 and for CD45 expressed by T cells and B cells, and at different stages of cellular activation. CD45 purified from different types of lymphocytes was examined by immunoblotting with sera from patients with SLE. Indirect immunofluorescence experiments were performed with purified anti-CD45 autoantibodies. IgM anti-CD45 autoantibodies in SLE recognize native CD45 expressed on the surface membrane of viable lymphocytes and CD45 purified from activated peripheral T cells and certain T cell lines, but not CD45 purified from B cells or resting peripheral T cells. The presence or absence of reactivity is independent of the individual isoforms expressed. Recognition of CD45 by IgM antilymphocyte autoantibodies in SLE varies with the lineage and state of activation of the lymphocyte target. This pattern of reactivity is consistent with autoantibody specificities involving CD45 glycoforms, rather than CD45 isoforms.Arthritis & Rheumatology 04/1996; 39(4):592-9. DOI:10.1002/art.1780390408 · 7.87 Impact Factor
- Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association 02/1997; 108:127-35.
- Clinical & Experimental Immunology 08/1997; 109(1):1-3. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2249.1997.00439.x · 3.28 Impact Factor