Why do psychiatrists neglect religion?
ABSTRACT This paper analyses a number of possible reasons why modern psychiatry has neglected the therapeutic effects of religious beliefs. The gap which exists between psychiatry and religion is a relatively recent phenomenon and is partly related to psychiatry's progress in elucidating the biological and psychological causes of mental illness, rendering religious explanations superfluous. In addition, it is often assumed that religious attitudes are inevitably linked with phenomena such as dependence and guilt which are frequently seen as undesirable. Psychiatrists and psychologists tend to be less religiously orientated than their patients, which may further increase the professional's idea that religious beliefs are associated with disturbance. However, it has long been suspected that a positive relation exists between religion and mental health, and recently, the psychology of religion has provided empirical support for this idea. Psychiatry faces the challenge to accommodate this evidence into theory and practice.
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ABSTRACT: Older adults have higher rates of suicide than younger adults in many industrialized nations. 1,2 Any discussion of this increasingly important issue must be qualified by 2 caveats. First, the age at which a person is considered to be "older" varies across cultures and from one era to the next. Age 65 is the traditional but arbitrary retirement age in many industrialized nations. This group is heterogeneous, but few studies have determined whether the clinical risk markers for persons aged 65 to 70 years are identical to those aged 80 to 85 years. Second, in many nations, rates of at tempted suicide are highest in younger women, 3 but rates of completed suicide are highest in older men. 1,2 Just as the demographics of nonlethal and lethal suicide attempts are different, their clinical risk markers probably differ. 4,5 The extent to which research on at tempted suicide might inform efforts to prevent completed suicide is arguable. 6 When researchers conflate suicidal behavior and completed suicide, they are likely to reach inaccurate con clusions that could misdirect treatment and prevention efforts. 6 In this article we focus primarily on completed suicide. Demographics of suicide Age, sex, race, and national differences in suicide rates As shown in the Figure 1, suicide rates for men in the United States increase with age, but women's rates peak in midlife and remain stable or decline slightly thereafter. Suicide rates in white men aged 85 years and older are almost 6 times the nation's age-adjusted rate. In the United States, whites have higher rates than blacks across the life span.
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ABSTRACT: This study explores the relationship of personal and organizational characteristics, along with symptoms of depression, and clergy compassion fatigue, burnout, and potential for compassion satisfaction. Ninety-five clergy from a cluster of Lutheran churches in the Mid-Atlantic United States completed anonymous surveys. Results suggested that clergy were at low risk for burnout and moderate risk for compassion fatigue and they had a moderate potential for compassion satisfaction. Results further revealed that years in service and reported depression significantly predicted burnout. The model did not predict risk for compassion fatigue. Similarities and differences between social workers and clergy are discussed, with recommendations for collaboration and support between the two professions.Journal of Social Service Research 12/2012; 394(4):455-468744627. DOI:10.1080/01488376.2012.744627 · 0.44 Impact Factor